Food Security Policy Analysis of Household Level: Case of Food Security Village Programme in Indonesia

Food Security Policy Analysis of Household Level: Case of Food Security Village Programme in Indonesia

Muhamad Rusliyadi (Polytechnic of Agricultural Development Yogyakarta Magelang, Indonesia) and Azaharaini Bin Hj. Mohd. Jamil (College IGS Brunei Darussalam, Brunei)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4787-8.ch004

Abstract

The study focuses on analyzing the food self-sufficiency village program at household level in Indonesia. The before and after analysis and food and security composite analysis at household level are used as tools. It involved comparing the implication and impact between indicators before and after the implementation of policy. Quantitative data were used to compare major indicators and qualitative data for minor indicators. In general, the impact of the DMP Programme on the villages was positive. The level of poverty in each village has been significantly reduced by 8-40% after the introduction of the programme. Composite food security analysis at household level shows the positive impacts of DMP Programme implementation. This is shown by several indicators, including the rise of 4-7% availability, reduction in poverty by 8-40%, and decrease in people working fewer than 15 hours per week by 10-20%.
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Material And Method

This research is focused on the existing food security policy in Indonesia with regard to the DMP Programme that has been implemented since 2006. The methodology used in the study was mainly quantitative, but a qualitative approach was also used to enrich the findings of the quantitative study. Primary data were analysed using Microsoft Excel and Statistical Program for Social Science (SPSS). Research site in Java island has the largest number of population in Indonesia. It was chosen to represent the research site. Central Java was chosen for this case study because it constitutes 17.0% of the population experiencing poverty (CBS, 2011). Secondly, it has many poor villages when compared to other provinces. Four villages were selected purposively1.

Two villages from Kebumen Regency, Kedung Dowo Village at Poncowarno District and Selogiri Villlage at Karanggayam District, and the others in Magelang Regency at Madukoro Village Kajoran District and Candirejo Village Borobudur District were selected. These villages have been implementing the programme in varying stages with different characteristics and success rate.

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