Fourth Generation of Rights and Their Reflections on Human Resources Practices in Tourism Businesses

Fourth Generation of Rights and Their Reflections on Human Resources Practices in Tourism Businesses

Füsun Istanbullu Dinçer (Istanbul University, Turkey), Gul Erkol Bayram (Sinop University, Turkey) and Ozlem Altunoz (Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1474-0.ch005

Abstract

Sustainable development, which has been emphasized in the tourism system where sustainability has been targeted for years, temporarily eliminated the problems such as poverty, unemployment, and hunger for that period; however, it has affected tourism development by ignoring the rights of the ecosystem, future generations, and cities, thus causing some problems today. For these reasons, the need for handling with the manpower in tourism with a perspective that is more conscious, sensitive, and predictive than the current perspective has emerged. Taking these as a starting point, the study will include the following topics: the fourth generation of human rights, the current status, problems and opportunities of human resources in the tourism industry, and the reflection of the fourth generation of human rights on human resources.
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Background: What Is Meant By Fourth Generation Of Rights In Tourism Industry?

The rights that people have just because they are human are called “human rights.” Being born as a human being enables people to enjoy these rights; but in some cases, these rights are not sufficient. Human rights derive from human needs. One of the fundamental aims of human rights is to ensure that people have not only the right to life but also the right to an honourable life. If an individual, institution, or community does not recognize the rights of another individual, it does not recognize the humanity of that individual. Human rights prevent violations of rights by private organizations or individuals as well as violations of rights by the state. It is possible to state that human rights include state-individual and individual-individual relations (Sahin, 2010).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Human Resources Department: The unit that provides solutions for all kinds of problems related to the personnel in the enterprises and ensures the continuity of the personnel of the enterprises.

Human Rights: The fundamental rights and freedoms of all people.

First-Generation Rights: Also known as initial rights, include concepts such as freedom of person and political rights.

Third-Generation Rights: A concept that was introduced after the Second World War, has a different structure than the first and second generation of rights

Second-Generation Rights: All people, whether they are rich or poor, benefit from the same rights.

Fourth-Generation Rights: A concept emerging in this process, aim to protect human dignity by preventing the abuse of technology.

Industry 4.0: A set of three phases, the internet of things, the services of the internet, and cyber-physical systems.

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