FPGA Technology and Platforms for NPP I&C systems

FPGA Technology and Platforms for NPP I&C systems

Andriy Kovalenko (Centre for Safety Infrastructure-Oriented Research and Analysis, Kharkiv National University of Radio Electronics, Ukraine), Ievgen Babeshko (Centre for Safety Infrastructure-Oriented Research and Analysis, National Aerospace University KhAI, Ukraine), Viktor Tokarev (Research and Production Corporation Radiy, Ukraine) and Kostiantyn Leontiiev (Research and Production Corporation Radiy, Ukraine)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3277-5.ch016
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Abstract

This chapter describes an element base of new generation for NPP I&C, namely field programmable gate array (FPGA), and peculiarities of the FPGA application for designing safety critical systems. FPGA chips are modern complex electronic components that have been applied in nuclear power plants (NPPs) instrumentation and control systems (I&CSs) during the last 15-17 years. The advantages and some risks caused by application of the FPGA technology are analyzed. Safety assessment techniques of FPGA-based I&CSs and experience of their creation are described. The FPGA-based platform RadICS and its application for development of NPP I&CS is described.
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Features Of Fpga Technology And Their Application In Npp I&Cs

This subsection provides results of comprehensive analysis of FPGA technology features, including approaches to implementation of FPGA-based development activities, as well as possible applications of the technology.

Key Terms in this Chapter

JTAG: Integrated method for testing interconnects on printed circuit boards that are implemented at the integrated circuit level.

LUT: The key component of modern FPGAs that is used to encode any n-input Boolean function by modeling such functions as truth tables.

SRS (System Requirements Specification): A structured collection of information that embodies the requirements of the system.

IP Core (Intellectual Property Core): Reusable unit of logic, cell, or chip layout design that can be used as building blocks within ASIC chip designs or FPGA logic designs.

FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array): Programmable complex electronic component which includes two entities: FPGA chip and FPGA electronic design.

HDL (Hardware Description Language): Specialized computer language used to describe the structure, design and operation of digital logic circuits.

FPGA Electronic Design: A set of statesments in HDL which is appropriate for implementation in FPGA chip.

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