Framework for the Experiences in Digital Literacy in the Spanish Market

Framework for the Experiences in Digital Literacy in the Spanish Market

C. DePablos Heredero (Rey Juan Carlos University, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0903-7.ch014
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Abstract

The information society must be considered, above all, a society composed by people. For that reason, a social priority for the information society development should be centered in the acquisition of knowledge. To be included in the digital literacy means to have the technological capabilities that allow a person surviving in the information society. We try to offer real examples for the development of digital literacy in a variety of areas of application: education, social inclusion and firms. For that reason we describe and analyze the contribution of digital literacy to the following Spanish projects: Educared, which promotes the spread of Internet for innovation and pedagogical training amongst teachers, parents and students in primary and secondary schools; the Dana Project, which identifies good practices to reduce the digital gap based in gender; and Competic, a program offers good practices for the promotion of information and communication technologies in small and medium size firms.
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The Effects Of Digital Literacy In The Society

Literacy in a wide sense is a basic principle of any educational system. Today, the most important areas to perform literacy are the family, the school and the communication media. Digital literacy is just a part of the general literacy. As long as training actions are taking place for the development of literacy, they should also be considered for digital literacy. In this sense we define digital literacy as a group of training actions driven to the development of technical, social and ethical abilities related to the use of information and communication technologies, organized by Institutions, Associations, NGOs, and so forth (Travieso & Planella, 2008, p. 3).

The digital literacy requires of a degree of organization and systematization that is assumed by the educational Institutions, specially the school. However it should be also provided in an informal way by the family and by the communication media. As we have mentioned before, it is just a part of the general literacy in its multiple aspects.

Digital literacy must not only be provided by technologists since literacy is not only provided by linguistics, writers or book editors. In this sense, two kind of basic actions should be provided,

  • Teachers working on the compulsory education in the first years of life should be trained in the possibilities and use of information and communication technologies

  • Older persons should be permanently trained in information and communication technologies.

The Public Administrations are promoting the use of electronic services for improving their daily relationships with citizens and firms. In this sense they are offering a great opportunity for citizens to increase their computer abilities. The local portals are becoming each time more a key source of information.

Electronic government apart from using ICT services for improving citizen relationships, should position customers in the heart of all we do and build the access to services (Kavan et al., 1999; Evangelidis, 2005).

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