From Grey to Green: Sustainable Development Perspectives From India-EU Partnerships

From Grey to Green: Sustainable Development Perspectives From India-EU Partnerships

Kiran Prasad (Sri Padmavati Mahila University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2458-8.ch016


Environmental sustainability is regarded as the key to the achievement of all other developmental goals. Environmental issues and the effects of environmental degradation have drawn the attention of policy makers and the wider community in developing countries like India to impending environmental hazards and encouraged efforts at the local level by creating awareness and action on green initiatives. These initiatives have been supported by civil society organizations and international agencies. Local communities have also assumed custodianship of their environment and natural resources which previously was the sole responsibility of the government. This chapter focuses on some of India's efforts to communicate the green path to sustainable development and the experiences of India-EU partnerships to build mutual understanding on global environmental issues including climate change. This chapter also analyzes the growth of development paradigms shaped by community needs and environmental activism for sustainable development in India.
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Growth Without Equality

India has been a welfare state since Independence and government policies and programmes were designed with the aim of alleviation of rural poverty. India recorded a high economic growth of 9 per cent per annum during 2005-06 to 2008-09. Despite rapid economic growth in the post-reform period, India has over 250 million below the poverty line and lags behind in providing access to food and drinking water to all people, the most basic goals of development. The UNICEF estimates in 2011 show that 55 million out of 102 million underweight children under five in the world, which is 54 per cent of the global total live in India. The dismal status of women at present is reflected in the Gender Inequality Index which ranks India at 132 out of 146 countries. In 2014, India’s Human Development Index was 135 out of 187 countries (UNDP, 2014).

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