Fundamentals of Industrial Informatics and Communication Technologies

Fundamentals of Industrial Informatics and Communication Technologies

Abdul Quaiyum Ansari (Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India) and Mohammad Ayoub Khan (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Noida, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0294-6.ch001
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Abstract

The capabilities offered by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and business process have changed the paradigm of industrial practices. These ICTs have potential to create new type of industrial engineering. The chapter presents fundamental concepts and issues in industrial informatics along with the communication technologies. The authors also present discussion on design process and requirement of communications in industrial settings. The chapter also explores opportunities for research problems in the fields of wireless fieldbus systems and wireless industrial communications. In the discussion, the authors mention differences between theoretical and practical data rates. Therefore, opportunity involves the search for new protocol techniques to improve real-time capabilities in industrial settings.
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Introduction

Industrial Informatics has emerged from the development of science, engineering and information technology. The term Industrial refers to the approach for real-world applications and informatics refers to the infrastructure that provides development and deployment of real-world applications. The informatics also suggests tools and techniques for information analysis, manipulation, transformation and distribution. Industrial informatics focuses on knowledge-based automation as a means to enhance fabrication and manufacturing processes in industries. The industrial informatics is not limited to the manufacturing industries only but knowledge industries like computer based control systems, robotics, vision systems, and data acquisition and signal processing are also applying tools and techniques of industrial informatics.

Industrial informatics has a collection of techniques and practices that use information analysis, manipulation, and distribution to achieve higher efficiency, effectiveness, reliability, and/or security within the industrial environment. The field of industrial informatics has also emerged as one of the key disciplines for the purpose of intelligent management and production techniques (Acciani. 2011, Gomperts, 2011).

Industrial Informatics = Approach for real-world problem + IT Tools and Techniques

The ICT design tools for industries vary depending on the operating nature of a particular industry. There are four major types of industries as shown in the classifications in Table 1.

Table 1.
Industry classification
Industry TypeDefinition
PrimaryPrimary industries are involved in the extraction of resources directly from the Earth. They send raw or crude material to factories to manufacture a product.
SecondarySecondary industries are involved in the processing of products from raw material received from primary industries.
TertiaryA tertiary industry refers to the group that is involved in the provision of services. They include teachers, managers and other service providers.
QuaternaryQuaternary group refers to the group that is involved in the research and development, science, technology and intellectual property management.

The application of ICT in manufacturing includes process modelling, production scheduling and control, materials management information systems and knowledge management for research. The Industrial informatics is a building on the history of the informatics discipline, design, practices and experiences. The industrial design processes can be defined as a set of logically-related tasks performed to achieve a defined outcome. An industrial process is defined based on the customers requirement and business interest (see Figure 1).

Figure 1.

Relationship between ICT tools, intelligence, and industrial process

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