Gendered Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change

Gendered Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change

Never Mujere (University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0803-8.ch054
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Abstract

Climate change is a critical global issue with the potential to cause social, political, environmental and economic hardships. Women and the poor are disproportionately affected by climate change because of cultural norms, their dependence on natural resources; responsibility for water, fuel, food procurement and household care; their greater exposure to risk in crisis and severe weather events and the predominant presence of low technology in agriculture and their lack of resources and power. This chapter concentrates on vulnerability and adaptation responses at the community level and the context or factors that influence adaptation at this level. In particular, this it focuses gender based vulnerability and adaptation and the factors that influence they respond to climate change. It also highlights the importance of collective adaptation efforts in order to guide the design of more inclusive and effective adaptation projects and programs.
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Background

Climate change and gender are cross cutting issues that have to be mainstreamed in all programs. Vulnerable communities face constraints that limit their ability to participate in CCA activities. The adverse impacts of climate change are disproportionally harsh for the most vulnerable people and groups, particularly women. Gender disparities increase vulnerability of women and girls to climatic risks. Gender-based vulnerability to climate change calls for the need for a gender-conscious response informed by the differences in needs, responsibilities and unique contributions of both women and men.

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