General Framework for Counter-Terrorism and Extremism Strategy: Administrative and Organizational Perspectives

General Framework for Counter-Terrorism and Extremism Strategy: Administrative and Organizational Perspectives

Yacoub Adel Nasereddin (Middle East University, Jordan)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8048-5.ch002

Abstract

The Arab world has suffered a great deal from different types and forms of terrorism and extremism, which has not only resulted in major life losses, injuries, economic disturbances, and damage to the infrastructure, but also has posed a major threat to both the state and citizens. This chapter presents a general framework for counter-terrorism and extremism strategy that can be used as a guide to adopt effective strategies to counter-terrorism and extremism in the Arab world. In its first three parts, the chapter covers the conceptual basis and theoretical underpinnings of the study, and in part four, it elaborates on the issues and challenges associated with the practical implementation of the counter-terrorism and extremism in the Arab world. The chapter is concluded with recommendations and suggested solutions to ensure the effectiveness of the adopted strategy to counter-terrorism and extremism.
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Part 1: General Framework Of The Research

The general framework of the research is defined through the affirmation of the research and clearly defining the research goals prior to exploring the intellectual trends of the research.

Research Justifications

There is a set of justifications for conducting the current research taht can be summarized as follows:

  • The rapid increase in the phenomenon of terrorism and extremism, and the upsurge in the number of attacks and the size of human sufferings and material sacrifices.

  • The weakness of the economic structure due to the decline in investments in the Arab world as it becomes a discouraging environment for investments because of the phenomenon of terrorism and extremism.

  • The prevalence of unacceptable and intolerable social practices and behaviors that drive hatred and weaken the social cohesion and solidarity.

  • The increase in material costs resulting from the losses generated by the phenomenon of terrorism and extremism.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Strategic Planning: A systematic process to determine how the organization (the state) moves from its current status to the desired future by covering the following questions: 1) Where is the organization (the state) now? 2) Where does the organization (the state) want to be in the future? and 3) What are the means and tools to reach the desired future?

Extremism: To exaggerate to the point of extremism, and to insist on the adherence of thought or behavior to a range of ideas that may be religious, ideological, political, economic, literary, or artistic to the extent that individuals feel that they possess the absolute and indisputable truth, and acts accordingly.

Strategic Orientation: An objective methodology that identifies the state and delineates its expected paths in the future by building vision, mission, values, formulating the main goals and objectives, and developing the procedural plan to achieve the competitive advantage.

Strategic Management: Strategic management is the entity that implements the outputs of thinking and strategic planning. Our point of view is to verify, scrutinize, and analyze the data of the previous practical experience that touches the daily reality.

Terrorism: A criminal act carried out by individuals, groups, or official or non-official institutions to damage public and private properties to disrupt the security situation, stability, and national unity, or to instill fear, terror, and panic among people or causing chaos for terrorist purposes.

Violence: A destructive or harmful act by an individual or group of individuals against others, which may be either verbal or physical. It has negative effects on the category under which it is committed.

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