General Introduction

Abstract

There are myriad issues facing traditional farming in the Caribbean region. Despite various policy interventions and implementation of concepts over the past five decades for agricultural diversification in the region to increase local food production, the region is still grappling with finding an appropriate model to solve major issues. The issues are now exacerbated by the impacts of climate change, and major shifts in the approach to solving the issues have not yet proved fruitful. Against the setback of issues, controversies, and problems of farming in the Caribbean and the St. Kitts-Nevis example of a small island developing state (SID), the justification will be made for a diversified-integrated model that can account for the setbacks by optimizing farm and non-farm waste to build productivity, competitiveness, flexibility, and sustainability which are categorically the factors of successful farming.
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Issues, Controversies, and Problems of Farming in the Caribbean

This chapter begins with a historical view on the subject of agricultural diversification as a response to local food production and food security in the Caribbean at regional and local levels. The objectives, based on the issues, controversies, and problems of farming in small island developing states (SIDS) in the Caribbean, would then be stated. This chapter then turns to the research methodology that is guided by the stated objectives as well as the nature of the subject and its theoretical underpinnings based on the proposed Diversified Integrated Farm Model, as noted in Chapters 2 and 3. Note well, this chapter invokes the literature on methodology, while the remaining chapters review and apply the literature on agricultural diversification, integration, waste conversion to raw material, and the transitional model of farm sustainability.

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