Genomic Technologies and the Emergence of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa)

Genomic Technologies and the Emergence of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa)

Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8559-8.ch009
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Abstract

In this chapter, we will discuss China being on record as one of the most progressive member of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa). The huge population census, the high literacy rate, coupled with the training and graduation of over 300,000 technical experts annually are abundant evidence for China to become a leader in genomic science among the BRICS. The state-of-the-art technological resources for sequencing, which were recently acquired in China, has facilitated the accomplishment of innovative sequencing of animals, plants, and insects, which are components of the ecological fauna and flora of Asia. The Beijing Genomic Institute is the largest genome-based research organization in the world. Other progressing developing nations such as Brazil, Russia, India, and South Africa are making steady progress in genomic science.
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Genomic Technologies And Resources

Once the HGS was accomplished by April 2003, new genomic technologies and startup companies were established. These innovative companies include the 454 life sequencers manufactured by Roche Diagnostics (Brandford, CT) chromatography and electrophoresis, gene amplification, capillary analysis, polymerase chain reaction tests, microarray sequencing and iso-electric focusing, high-performance computing equipment, broadband infrastructure, data visualization equipment, bio-photonics, robotic equipment, vision science equipment, climate research atmospheric science equipment, and bioprocessing engineering equipment, among others. A comprehensive list of these state-of-the-art science technologies was reported by Ebomoyi and Srinivasan (2008).

The United States Department of Energy (2008) emphasized the applications of genomic technologies in molecular medicine, microbial science, risk assessment activities, bio-archaeology anthropology, evolution, and human migration patterns. Additional applications of genomic resources consist of forensic science, agricultural development (especially livestock breeding), and bioprocessing.

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