Geographical Information System Applications Utilized in Museums in Turkey Within the Scope of the Cultural Heritage Tourism: A Case Study of Mobile Application of Müze Asist

Geographical Information System Applications Utilized in Museums in Turkey Within the Scope of the Cultural Heritage Tourism: A Case Study of Mobile Application of Müze Asist

Aysu Altaş (Aksaray University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 19
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5088-4.ch002

Abstract

Technology has penetrated every aspect of life and it proceeds with the aim of facilitating people's lives. Geographical information systems as a part of the developing technology provide services in every area with different forms. One of these areas is museology. The desire to make visual and written information and cultural heritage that are presented by museums with auditory and interactive experiences has brought together digital technologies and cultural and historical activities. From this point of view, the “Müze Asist” is a remarkable application in terms of the fact that it is a local app and in use in most of the museums in Turkey and the convenience provided for all tourists who want to visit a museum, especially for those who prefer self-guided tours. This chapter may be a guide to its objects and to the next researchers.
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Concept Of Cultural Heritage

Culture; is defined as the whole of material and spiritual values created in the process of historical and social development and the means showing the measures of the sovereignty over the natural and social environment of man, which is used to create and transmit those values to the next generation (Turkish Language Society, n.d.). According to another definition, culture is the way of life and thought that constitutes its identity with its own art, beliefs, customs, understanding, and behaviors that make a society different from other societies and continue to change in time. It is the whole of the material and spiritual values that give society a sense of solidarity, and unity, that maintain order in it and make society develop an identity (Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism, n.d.). Cultural heritage, on the other hand, can be described as all of the documents that reflect the characteristics of a society and the past of a society. Cultural heritage is divided into two as tangible cultural heritage and intangible cultural heritage. Tangible cultural heritage involves tangible artefacts such as archaeological excavations, ancient cities and museums, while intangible cultural heritage involves food culture, traditions, dance, music and so on.

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