Global Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges and Prospects

Global Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges and Prospects

Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 27
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0969-2.ch006
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Abstract

The chapter examines the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals and its approaches to poverty eradication beyond economic deprivation. Results from the analysis of existing statistics from United Nation's reports, research centres and institutes, and Bureau of Statistics show that extreme poverty still exists at the global, regional, and sub-national levels of the world. The chapter identifies the challenges facing global poverty eradication to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals Agenda of 2030 and suggests solutions on how to eradicate poverty and hunger in the world. The chapter, therefore, examines the global multi-dimension of poverty and extreme hunger and the multi-dimension of poverty in developed and developing countries at a regional and national level with a focus on Nigeria's experience. Also, the challenges and policy options for eradicating poverty and hunger by 2030 are examined.
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Multi- Dimensional Poverty Measurement

Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index Measures acute multi- dimensional deprivations in 105 countries, covering 77 percent of the global population (MPI, 2018). The MPI looks beyond income to understand how people experience poverty in multiple and simultaneous ways. It identifies how people are being left behind across three key dimensions: health, education and standard of living, comprising 10 indication, namely, health (Nutrition and child mortality), Education (years of education and school, attendance), living standard (cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, floor and Assets). These MPI indicator aligned to related sustainable Development Goals as illustrated in table 1, below:

Table 1.
The global MPI indicators Mapped to the SDGS
DimensionIndicatorRelated SDG
HealthNutritionSDG2 (ZERO Hunges)
Child MortalitySDG 3 (Health and Well-being)
EducationYears of EducationSDG4 (Quality Education)
School AttendanceSDG4 (Quality Education)
Living StandardCooking FuelSDG7 (Affordable and clean energy)
SanitationSDG 6 (Clean water and sanitation)
Drinking waterSDG 6 (clean water and sanitation)
ElectricitySDG 7 (Affordable and clean energy)
FloorSDAIII (Sustainable cities and communities)
AssetsSDA 1 (No poverty)

Source: Global Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index, 2018

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