Globalization and Human Rights: How Globalization Can Be a Tool to Protect the Human Rights

Globalization and Human Rights: How Globalization Can Be a Tool to Protect the Human Rights

Soumi Banerjee (Jadavpur University, India)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0723-9.ch001
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Abstract

The world has undergone a change from ancient to modern. The enthusiasm among people to discover the undiscovered actually marked the beginning of the modern era and the advent of globalisation can be viewed as a bi-product of this modern civilisation. Globalisation was apparently meant to enhance cooperation among nations as partners in trade, but, gradually with better exposure to each other's culture, people started embracing the global ideas, habits, and way of life. Globalisation is therefore not just the integration of economies and markets, but it is also the integration of cultures and understandings, making people aware of their rights and role to be played in transforming the society for better. Thus, globalisation can rightly be called as the source of modern human rights, as it has no doubt played an active role in preserving and protecting Human Rights by technological expansion, increasing neo-liberal values, establishing certain super-national institutions and by promoting and maintaining civil liberties that uphold freedom, transparency, and popular participation.
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Background

Human rights are the principles which create the sacred home for human decorum. They are the very product of human reason and conscience. In just over a decade the field of human rights has grown significantly (Cardenas, 2009). Since 1990s there have been more awareness among people about the rights and privileges that every individual deserves to enjoy and the advancement of technology and internet has provided people with much needed exposure and communication between human right activists and ordinary people living in far corner of the world. Human Rights is essentially a set of rules that ensures an individual freedom from cruel, inhuman and barbaric treatment by any autocratic regime, ensures them the right to equality and non-discrimination, the right to have a decent standard of living (including the right to three basic requirements for living- food, clothing and shelter), the right to have a just and fair working environment, freedom of association and assembly under certain conditions. Peter Fitzpatrick (2001) while talking about globalization of human rights calls human rights the “pervasive criteria” through which a nation becomes civilized and modern (Stychin, 2004). Human Rights is the very feature of a modern society, that treats all individual as equal by granting them freedom to take their own decisions, and facilities that they require to live a peaceful and respectable life in society.

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