Glycemic Monitoring and Prediction With Response Improvement via Psyllium

Glycemic Monitoring and Prediction With Response Improvement via Psyllium

Sally Shuk Han Pang (The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong), Kwok Tai Chui (City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong) and Miltiadis D. Lytras (Deree – The American College of Greece, Greece & Effat University, Saudi Arabia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8244-1.ch009
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Fibers are proven to provide health benefits in preventing metabolic diseases. This chapter first presents the existing blood glucose monitoring sensors and a prediction model for blood glucose concentration. It also aims at analyzing the efficacy of a functional fiber, psyllium on the glycemic control function. Three studies included suggesting psyllium supplementation would significantly improve glycemic response while two studies included showed no effects. Advantages and limitations of each study were evaluated. Overall, it is generally believed that psyllium might give glycemic response improvement effect, especially in Type II Diabetes Mellitus patients.
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Blood Glucose Monitoring

Patients with diabetes are always being reminded to maintain their blood glucose level to an acceptable euglycemic range and try their best to minimize the fluctuation in blood glucose. The tools for blood glucose monitoring thus become crucial elements in doing so. Recently, blood glucose monitoring has been revolutionized by the advent of continuous glucose monitoring sensors, consisting of wearable subcutaneous needle-based and minimally-invasive devices that allow measuring the blood glucose concentration continuously, in minute interval (tradeoff between sampling rate and battery lifespan).

In general, blood glucose sensor is categorized into point sample test and continuous glucose monitor (Wang, & Lee, 2015). Table 1 summarizes the common sensors for blood glucose measurement.

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