E-Government Development: Performance Evaluation Parameters

E-Government Development: Performance Evaluation Parameters

Mahmud Akhter Shareef (McMaster University, Canada), Uma Kumar (Carleton University, Canada) and Vinod Kumar (Carleton University, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-601-5.ch010
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Abstract

Almost all of the countries in the world are developing their online-government, or e-government (EG), systems with the support of information and communication technology (ICT). Countries are gradually enhancing their service scope, functionality, and flexibility to meet strategic goals set at the policy stage and to satisfy user requirements. For investment justification, necessary modifications, further development, and future guidelines assessing the performances of those EG projects are imperative for any country. This chapter is designed to develop a comprehensive model (E-government Performance Matrix – GPM) from the practitioner’s perspective to measure the performance of ongoing EG projects. This chapter has four sections with sub-sections.
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1. Introduction

EG refers to the application of ICT in different wings of government to provide information and services to citizens, businesses, and other stakeholders. Using modern ICT, EG re-orients the business processes of the public sector to enhance competence and make them competitive with the private sector (Schware and Deane, 2003; Van Dijk et al., 2008). It enables governments to provide stakeholders cost-effective and better quality services (Banerjee and Chau, 2004). EG provides an alternative source for receiving government service that is available from anywhere and at anytime, allowing citizens to receive government services without going to a government office. All the essential divisions of a country – legislative, judicial, and administrative – may use EG as a way to provide information, reduce the cost of services, improve internal management, enhance efficiency of service delivery, and promote the processes of democratic governance.

Countries around the world differ significantly in digitization for restructuring public administration and re-orienting government business process due to differences in areas such as social, cultural, economic status and patterns, technological diffusion, infrastructure, and government policy perspectives. As a result, the vision, mission, objectives, and strategy for development of EG and reformation of public administration is likely to differ significantly in different countries. However, without very advanced technical, financial, and individual ability; political commitment; and socio-cultural reformation it is difficult to progress and achieve the fundamental mission of EG implementation (Shareef et al., 2010a). If we explore the EG objectives, strategies, and end-goals of different countries, we observe that the initiatives primarily targeted the following tangible goals (Trusler, 2003; Steyaert, 2004; Accenture 2005; AGIMO, 2006; Gouscos et al., 2007; Kim, 2007; Knight, 2007; Schedler and Summermatter, 2007; OECD, 2009; Shareef et al., 2010a):

  • Achieve the enormous benefits of ICT

  • Ensure the application of ICT in government service to develop better quality management, transparency, and accountability

  • Restructure public administration to make it more efficient and cost effective

  • Develop citizen-centric government and enhance the service scope for citizens and business organizations with greater variety, choice, and convenience of access for customers from anywhere in the world

  • Increase the participation and interactivity of citizens in government services

  • Gain economic benefits from digital government

  • Position the country’s image globally.

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