Green Audit for the Environmental Sustainability

Green Audit for the Environmental Sustainability

Ganga G. (Sree Ayyappa College, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7083-7.ch003
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Green Audit works as an environmental consultancy and reviews organizations with the aim of monitoring the performance of companies and organizations whose activities might threaten the environment and the health of citizens. Green Audit is to give citizens the information they need to be able to question when an institute or organization is destroying the environment which we all depend on. Most of the public and private organizations do not have suitable strategies to inspect or suggest the control measures be taken to avoid or reduce such environmental risk, which provided the impetus for the establishment of Green Audit. Green Audit undertakes and supports independent studies in the general areas of environmental public health, pollution, energy efficiency, and social and policy research in relevant areas. It has become increasingly clear that the scientific measurement and appraisal of human health risks, including pollution, are in the hands of the government and establishment-controlled organizations.
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Green Public Procurement (GPP) is a process in which public sector pursue to reduce the negative environmental impacts caused by the purchasing of goods, services, and other public related works. The drastic effects of environmental degradation are steadily increasing — natural resources getting limited which is going to adversely affect the further growth of a nation and the future of the next generation. Increasingly, the world's environment is under threat from unsustainable forms of development. Implementing Green policies and making it as practice can limit the further depletion of the environment and thus the available resources can be protected. Insisting procurers that are legally mandated to buy green, practicing and executing is to be made mandatory.

Getting started on green procurement in public sector can be challenging, due to the existing procedures tend to be formal, arduous, involves coordination among multiple divisions and reporting hierarchies, and budget flexibility are limited (Perera, 2011). Most of this burdensome administration procedures are and time is lagging ceremonious processes that have not been revisited for many years. Such a situation can be mitigated by the implementation of modernizing procurement laws and procedures that allow e-procurement. Green purchasing is also about influencing the market. This can be made possible by promoting the use of green products. To enhance the movement of such products public authorities can provide the industry with attractive incentives for developing green technologies and products. Government is to take new initiative or call project proposal from Government R&D labs, Institutions, Educational projects for developing new ideas and avenues. Financial aids and subsidies should be made able for the implementation of such proposals. Intensification of multidisciplinary research on this aspect needs to be carried out to develop green functioning, and Green products In India Organic farming and Green Product acceptance should widely be enforced among the public. Thought provoking campaigning programme through media and channels and social networking site can evoke waves in Public minds. Green Procurement in some public sectors, like Public transport and construction, Public health services and public education purchasers command a significant share of the market for a nation, and so their decisions have considerable impact. Decision made by domestic consumers play a pivotal role is marketing. Hence intense awareness at village, Gramapanchayath level, and other women empowerment sectors are needed. Interference of the Government in fixing the values of the value-added product is needed to protect farmers and their produce. Nature conservation and protection act and laws should be amended in such a way to promote the use of green products without exploiting nature. The green audit should make a mandatory programme in all public and private sectors. Violation of rule against Green policies should seriously be considered penalty and fine should be implemented for such cases. Sustainable development has emerged as a new paradigm of development (UNDESA. 2002), which is reciprocal to the current scenario of development that over-exploits natural environment.

The green environment is a fundamental part of sustainable development and growth for every nation’s prospects. There is a correlation between the world's environment - the physical, biological and social surroundings and their interactions that sustain life and the objectives of human development — a sustainable, eco-friendly approach in all sectors in need of an hour for the future of a better nation. Hence, to attain environmental sustainability there is a need to increase the institutional, human resource and technological capacities of developing country governments, organizations and communities to plan and implement development policies, programs and activities that are environmentally sustainable.

Insisting procurers that are legally mandated to buy green, practicing and executing so becomes so much easier. It legitimizes the time, effort and money spent by procurers on consulting with environmental specialists, suppliers and stakeholders, and designing specification and award criteria that will crowd in the critical multiplier benefits: the broader commercialization of green goods/services across the domestic market (Perera, 2011).

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