A Grid-Aware Emergency Response Model (G-AERM) for Disaster Management

A Grid-Aware Emergency Response Model (G-AERM) for Disaster Management

Eleana Asimakopoulou (University of Bedfordshire, UK), Chimay J. Anumba (Loughborough University, UK) and Dino Bouchlaghem (The Pennsylvania State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0906-8.ch015
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Abstract

The emergency management community is working toward developments associated with the reduction of losses in lives, property and the environment caused by natural disasters. However, several limitations with the particular collaborative nature of current Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in use have been reported. In particular, how emergency management stakeholders within an ICT environment can bring together all their resources in a collaborative and timely manner so as to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of emergency response tasks. With this in mind, the authors describe the Grid-Aware Emergency Response Model (G-AERM) to make the best of functionality offered by emerging ICT to support intelligence in decision making toward a more effective and efficient emergency response management.
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Limitations Of The Current Ict In Use In Emergency Response Management

The area of emergency response is characterized by distributed operations that are of a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary nature. Emergency management authorities are required to cooperate in order to plan, control, coordinate, take appropriate decisions and provide with an effective and efficient response to an emergency situation caused by the occurrence of a natural disaster. On this basis, a number of processes – distributed in nature – take place during the response phase. To achieve the effective and efficient management of the response operations, a number of resources owned by each relevant authority are made available for disposition. Resources – like their owners – may be distributed and/or multidisciplinary in nature.

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