Grid Technology for Archive Solutions in Health Care Organizations

Grid Technology for Archive Solutions in Health Care Organizations

Pietro Previtali (University of Pavia, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6339-8.ch082
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Abstract

The main aim of this chapter is to evaluate a Grid technology (GT) for Archive Solutions in terms of relevant features for Health Care Organizations (HCOs), and with particular attention to technical and organizational issues. The method used was a case study approach that was conducted during the months of March, April, and May 2011, applying a mix of random sampling (randomly selected interviewees from our directory) and “snowball” sampling (contacting interviewees through leads). The research shows that the introduction of grid technologies in HCOs maybe is still premature. However, a grid solution unquestionably led to some important benefits, so the author suggests a “progressive and gradual approach” to its implementation, aiming for further research on this topic.
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Background

According to the grid computing literature, grid adoption depends on the ability of technology to deliver increased business value. The business issues, related to the grid adoption model, include key factors (Joseph et al., 2004; Pacitti, 2007), such as leveraging existing hardware investments and resources; reducing operational expenses; creating a scalable and flexible infrastructure (Jensen et al., 2005); accelerating development time; improving time to market, and increasing customer satisfaction and business productivity in the field of scientific computing (Jimenez-Peris et al., 2007).

The major factors that influence grid adoption in healthcare enterprises (Montagnat, 2004; Glatard et al., 2006; Previtali & Bof, 2007) are the following:

  • Increased requirements in terms of value from the IT investment;

  • Maturation of grid standards;

  • Expanded impact of grid technology (Finkelstein, 2004);

  • Increased confidence in grid technology/capabilities;

  • Opportunity to involve business process improvements, as part of the increasing value from IT investment;

  • Convergence of Web services standardization and grid standardization;

  • Need for direct interactions/transactions with customers, suppliers and partners;

  • Need for customers/suppliers and internal staff to work with the same data.

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