Health Information System to Identify Dermatological Diseases by Software Agent

Health Information System to Identify Dermatological Diseases by Software Agent

Eduardo César Contreras Delgado (Autonomous University of Coahuila, Mexico) and Isis Ivette Contreras González (Instituto Tecnológico de Saltillo, Mexico)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9978-6.ch045
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Background

Dermatological Diseases

The study and management of dermatological diseases in a rigorously scientific way has been in charge of the medical specialty of Dermatology.

Definition of the Common Ailments

  • Abscess: An abscess is an enclosed collection of liquefied tissue, known as pus, somewhere in the body. It is the result of the body's defensive reaction to foreign material (Fauci, 1997).

  • Ulcer: A local defect, or excavation of the surface, of an organ or tissue, produced by sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue (Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 2008).

  • Pustule: A small inflamed skin swelling that is filled with pus; a pimple (The American Heritage, 2007).

  • Comedo: A plug of keratin and sebum within the dilated orifice of a hair follicle (Miller-Keane, 2003).

  • Candidiasis: An infection caused by a species of the yeast Candida, usually Candida albicans. This is a common cause of vaginal infections in women (Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 2008).

  • Elaioconiosis: An acneiform eruption that affects metal-industry workers and vehicle mechanics exposed to cutting oils, also known as follicular dermatitis or oil acne (Ministério da Saúde, 2006).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Functional Relationship: The function that relates the dependent variable to the independent research variables.

Methodological Consistency: Research method of linking the basic elements, so that there is a methodological congruence between them. There is a logical relationship between the independent variable, hypothesis, objective and research question.

Clinical Semiology: Semiology is the mainstay of clinical medicine. It is an art and a science. It is the group of knowledge that deals with the identification of the various pathological manifestations (signs and symptoms).

IMSS: Government medical institution that serves the majority of the Mexican population.

Methodological Consistency Matrix: Table that contains the necessary elements to develop the measurement instrument to be used in research methods.

Measurement Instrument: Instrument for determining various quantities such as temperature, mass, length. In a research method that can be a questionnaire.

Research Variables: Logical grouping of attributes. The operational measures of the indicators.

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