Healthcare Computer Reasoning Addressing Chronically Ill Societies Using IoT: Deep Learning AI to the Rescue of Home-Based Healthcare

Healthcare Computer Reasoning Addressing Chronically Ill Societies Using IoT: Deep Learning AI to the Rescue of Home-Based Healthcare

David Mendes (DECSIS, Portugal), Manuel Lopes (Universidade de Évora, Portugal), Artur Romão (DECSIS, Portugal) and Irene Pimenta Rodrigues (Universidade de Évora, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1724-5.ch002
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Abstract

The authors present a proposal to develop intelligent assisted living environments for home based healthcare. These environments unite the chronical patient clinical history sematic representation with the ability of monitoring the living conditions and events recurring to a fully managed Semantic Web of Things (SWoT). Several levels of acquired knowledge and the case based reasoning that is possible by knowledge representation of the health-disease history and acquisition of the scientific evidence will deliver, through various voice based natural interfaces, the adequate support systems for disease auto management but prominently by activating the less differentiated caregiver for any specific need. With these capabilities at hand, home based healthcare providing becomes a viable possibility reducing the institutionalization needs. The resulting integrated healthcare framework will provide significant savings while improving the generality of health and satisfaction indicators.
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Nomenclature

  • AAL: Ambient Assisted Living

  • ACE: Attempto Controlled English

  • AI: Artificial Intelligence

  • BAN: Body Area Network

  • CAT: Computer Aided Translation

  • CIDERS: Clinical Integrated Discourse Extended Representation Structure

  • CNL: Controlled Natural Language

  • CORE: Clinical Observations Recording and Encoding

  • CPR: Computer Based Patient Record Ontology

  • CQA: Clinical Question Answering

  • DO: Disease Ontology

  • DR: Discourse Reasoning

  • DRS: Discourse Representation Structure

  • EHR: Electronic Health Record

  • FOL: First Order Logic

  • GS: Gold Standard

  • ICF: International Classification of Functionality

  • IE: Information Extraction

  • IoT: Internet of Things

  • KAB: Knowledge Acquisition Bottleneck

  • KR: Knowledge Representation

  • LAN: Local Area Network

  • MEMS: Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems

  • NLP: Natural Language Processing

  • OGCP: Ontology for General Clinical Practice

  • OGMS: Ontology for General Medical Science

  • OWL2: Web Ontology Language Version 2

  • SNOMED-CT: Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms

  • SOAP: Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan

  • TM: Translation Memories

  • WAN: Wide Area Network

  • WBAN: Wireless Body Area Network

  • WHO: World Health Organization

  • WS: Web Services

  • WSD: Word Sense Disambiguation

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