How to Identify Rheumatic Diseases by General Physicians

How to Identify Rheumatic Diseases by General Physicians

Eduardo C. Contreras (Autonomous University of Coahuila, Mexico) and Gustavo J. Puente (Autonomous University of Coahuila, Mexico)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0248-7.ch006
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A large part of the population in countries in process of development ignores what Rheumatic Diseases are, and general practitioners are in most cases unaware of enough information to identify them and the treatments to successfully control them. A proposal to help those general practitioners to detect if an articular condition belongs to a Rheumatic Disease case is to present them the clinical semiology that should lead them to redirect the given conditions to a specialist on the subject, a rheumatologist. The clinical semiology is presented by an automated algorithm inside a goal-based software agent, containing all the necessary information to identify the seven most common inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases, and fourteen of the non-inflammatory ones. The purpose of this tool is to provide the general practitioner with the correct information to redirect the patient with a rheumatologist, in order for it to receive the appropriate medication to be controlled.
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This project is a field investigation, applied to medical area on the Rheumatology specialty related with Clinical Semiology and the Information Technology. It is in itself, an automated medical tool to identify joints affections, based on an Intelligent Agent from Artificial Intelligence specialty, based on the heuristic compilation of the tacit knowledge of rheumatologists. This study tries to associate the factors than relate the support process on Information Technology on a General Doctor, towards a modern tool as didactic software, which facilitates the most common rheumatic’s affections identification.

This identify tool has a section of rheumatic inflammatory conditions and a section of rheumatic non-inflammatory conditions. Inflammatory conditions referred to joint. In the section of inflammatory conditions the user will find windows that include the different aspects of the joint disease that must be considered in diagnosis such as kind of onset, number and size of involved joints, topography of the arthropathy and symmetry of involvement. The section of non-inflammatory conditions considers only localized, regional and generalized involvement. Both sections follow a reasonable and logic algorism that allows reaching diagnosis of the rheumatic conditions included in the diagnostic tool.



To value the utility of the algorism for the identification of Rheumatic Affections” with a general practitioner, so that he will be able to provide an accurate diagnosis of joint diseases and redirect the patient with a rheumatologist for its early evaluation.

The proposed clinic semiology is based upon the human experience that is used to build a software agent didactic tool related to the Information Technologies; the software agent is a tool that allows the doctor to offer an appropriate evaluation of the rheumatic diseases.

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