Human Capital Formation for the Fourth Industrial Revolution: The Role of Women

Human Capital Formation for the Fourth Industrial Revolution: The Role of Women

Paul Adjei Onyina (Pentecost University College, Ghana)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9810-7.ch009

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the drivers of human capital development in the fourth industrial revolution by examining the role of women. It discusses the role of women in economic development since 570BC. Women are ignored in most important areas in society whereas men are found at the frontline. However, available empirical analyses suggest that when women are empowered, they are able to turn the tables in their favour. The chapter outlines development role played by selected women across time and uses data from studies to show poor representation of women on international bodies and parliamentary seats. Selected women that have led and continue to lead various countries all over the world are presented. This chapter argues that women are important stakeholders in economic freedom. The chapter suggests encouraging society and men in particular to help women become front line participants in the human capital development for the fourth industrial revolution.
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Role Of Selected Women In Helping Society In Economic Development Overtime

The role of selected women in their quest for helping society is outline in this section of the chapter. This intends to show that women play an important integral part of any society and must be included and recognized in the quest for development. Thus, the role of gender is portrayed here to be important from the beginning of creation. Here specific role played by selected women since 570BC are listed for readers to see the important role that women spearheaded years back and continue to play to date, and thus in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, women cannot be left out. Thus, highlights of various contributions by selected celebrated women whose efforts changed the world are portrayed, they have been grouped into: i) Women Right Activists and Humanitarians ii) Poets and Writers iii) Musicians and Actress iv) Politicians and Leaders – war leaders and queens v) Scientists and vi) Entrepreneurs. Unless otherwise stated, the study adopted the presentation below from Pettinger (2014). Though brief, what most of them did and to some extend how it affected humanity is provided. It ranges from 570 BC to date.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Ptolemaic Ruler: The Roya family which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt in the Hellenistic period between 305 to 30 BC.

Feminist: A person who believes in feminism, often being involved in activities that are intended to achieve change.

Gender: The physical and/or social condition of being male or female.

Oscar: One of a set of American prizes given each year to the best film, the best male and female actor in any film and to other people involved in the production of films.

Development: When someone or something grows or changes and becomes more advanced.

Activist: A person who believes strongly in political or social change and works hard to try and make this happen.

Human Rights: The basic rights which it is generally considered all people should have, such as justice and the freedom to say what you think.

Suffrage: Refers to the right to vote in an election, especially for representatives in a parliament or similar organization.

Approbation: Approval or agreement, often given by an official group or praise.

Mystic: Someone who attempts to be united with God through prayer.

Carmelite Reformer: Someone who made an attempt to reform a friar or nun of a contemplative Catholic order at Mount Carmel during the Crusades and dedicated to Our Lady.

Spanish Inquisition: An organization within the Roman Catholic Church that existed from 1542 to 1834 and which was established to punish people whose religious beliefs were considered wrong.

Nobel Prize: A set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

Suffragette: A woman in Britain, Australia and the United States in the early 20th century who was a member of a group that demanded the right of women to vote and that increased knowledge of the subject with a series of public protests.

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre: Was in 1572, a targeted group of assassinations and a wave of Catholic mob, directed against the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants) during the French Wars of Religion. Modern estimates for the number of dead across France vary widely, from 5,000 to 30,000.

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