Human-Computer Interaction in Consumer Behaviour

Human-Computer Interaction in Consumer Behaviour

Rocco Servidio (University of Calabria, Italy), Barry Davies (University of Gloucestershire, UK) and Kevin Hapeshi (University of Gloucestershire, UK)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 20
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6547-7.ch017
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Abstract

Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) studies play an important role in the design, implementation, and evaluation of a new generation of graphical user interfaces designed to support consumer behaviours and information needs. In recent years, the spread of new virtual environments and innovative tools have revolutionized the field of e-commerce. Although new digital environments can enable or facilitate certain user activities, the quality of the user interface will remain a continuing challenge. The chapter aims to underline the relationships between HCI studies and consumer behaviour, focusing attention on virtual environments for electronic and Internet e-commerce (online retail) services. The potential of multi-modal interfaces and virtual environments for business and marketing are examined by: (1) providing an overview of the relationships between HCI and consumer behaviour, (2) showing how different interaction modalities can enhance the communication process between user and consumer system, (3) showing how digital and interactive technologies can offer to the consumer many advantages and unique opportunities in exploring information and products, and (4) new directions for possible future research.
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Introduction

The potential for direct online retail services using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to provide additional consumer behaviour strategies represents an important challenge for the contemporary world economy. In order to take full advantage of the range and volume of potential customers, a thorough understanding of both the user interfaces and the customer experiences is required. Understanding provides the platform to help developers design and maintain high quality and efficient interactions between the ICT system and the final user (Benyon, Turner, & Turner, 2005). Many of the most recent technological applications concern e-commerce based on social media environments. To take advantage of the new generation of e-commerce web sites, the goal of these systems is to include more interactive Web applications and services as well as mobile phone and tablet applications (Tatnall, 2010; Yang, 2012). These newer technologies need to adopt fresh graphical user interfaces, aimed at improving the communication between final users and the ICT system. In addition, the graphical user interfaces demand adapting to the current mobile devices. Final users, for instance, can personalize the information on their favourite portals or mobile devices to activate specific services like alert messages that inform them that a new product is available that matches their personal profile.

Effective Internet marketing requires an understanding of the customer needs, but also of their behaviour and habits, such as how the user finds the necessary information. It is therefore important to understand how different models of presenting products can condition user behaviour; how users explore and utilize information about products and the impact that it may have on them. For example, interactive 3-D models of virtual products can make more information available and transform the user’s online experience by greatly enhancing the realism of the product presentation and making it more informative, intuitive and compelling (Ruppert, 2011). This suggests that business success can be positively influenced by the use of advanced technological applications, engineered as joint computer-cognitive interactive systems that satisfy specified user requirements (Hernandez, Jimenez, & Martin, 2009). Technological advances should be implemented taking into account the human cognitive factors (Bainbridge, 2004; Carroll, 2000; Sears & Jacko, 2009). These include cognitive processes, user behaviour and preferences during interactions with products presented digitally within virtual environments. When done well, businesses can reap rewards afforded by high sales and satisfied, returning customers.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Virtual Reality: A computer technique which allows reproducing and displaying objects and scenarios, by exploiting computer graphic tools.

Web 2.0: Based on the concept of collaborative and cooperative work. Web 2.0 applications enable the communications in a flat way rather than through a centralized approach. So, these new technologies facilitate the user participation, interactivity and social networking increasing the communication between people and groups.

Human-Computer Interaction (HCI): Concerns the study of design, evaluation and implementation of interactive systems for human use, by exploiting the advances in the vision, speech recognition, 3-D graphics fields.

Consumer Behaviour: The study of individuals, groups and organizations and the processes they use to select, use and dispose of products, services, experiences and ideas to satisfy needs and how these processes influence both consumers and society.

Virtual Environments: Refer to an organization of sensory to show visual information that leads users to perceptions of an artificial environment as natural.

Neuroeconomics: It is a research field that merges methods from neuroscience and economics to understand how the human brain elaborates information and then generate decisions in economic and social contexts.

Graphical User Interface (GUI): Allows people to interact with computer programs by using visual modalities.

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