Hybrid Electric Energy Storage and Its Dynamic Performance

Hybrid Electric Energy Storage and Its Dynamic Performance

Syed Abid Ali Shah Bukhari (Aston University, UK), Wenping Cao (Aston University, UK), Xiangping Chen (Guizhou University, China), Fayyaz Jandan (Quaid-Awam University of Engineering Science and Technology, Pakistan) and Debjani Goswami (Aston University, UK)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8559-6.ch015

Abstract

This chapter concerns energy storage technologies. It firstly outlines two popular storage technologies, batteries and supercapacitors, while their working principles are revealed. The key issues of these two technologies, such as costs, key types, capacities, etc., are also discussed. Afterwards, a hybrid electrical energy storage (HEES) system consisting of both technologies are demonstrated where the electrical circuit is illustrated. The design of the system aims to demonstrate different characteristics of these two technologies via their charging and discharging process. A test rig is explained in detail while other components, including a load bank, an inverter, a data acquisition subsystem (both the hardware and the software) are also clarified. The experimental results are illustrated and analyzed thereafter. Also, this chapter presents several other promising technologies where their key features, pros and cons, and core applications are pointedly reviewed. The concerned storage technologies include photovoltaic (PV) systems, pumped hydro-energy storage (PHES), superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), gas, and other alternatives sources. The authors provide the readers with a brief insight of various energy storage technologies and the inspiration of developing a low-cost, accessible energy storage system for the reader's own purposes.
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Outline Of Storage System For Electrical Energy

Energy storage technology is a promising research branch in the research field of energy systems, as energy storage frameworks can be outlined with an expansive arrangement of innovations, for example, an extensive group of batteries, superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), pumped hydro, flywheels, and compacted air energy storage (CAES). According to IEA (International Energy Agency), since 1970 up to now the overall energy requirement in the world has been increased 100% due to growth in population and prosperity (Lefebvre & Tezel, 2017) and at the same time the major cause of atmospheric pollution in the environment is fossil fuels. Every innovation has its own particular execution attributes that makes it ideally appropriate for certain systems and less so for other applications of the grid. The capability of a storage system to meet the performance requirement of the grid also permits the similar storage system to deliver numerous services. Currently it perceived as a key component in the present supply chain of modern energy network. This is principally since it can upgrade stability of the grid, increment infiltration of sustainable power source assets, enhance the proficiency of energy frameworks, preserve fossil energy assets and decrease the environmental effects during the production of energy. Numerous development technologies of storage in addition to enhancement in the current storage expertise have been recently technologically advanced. There are multiple types of energy storage technologies which are present comprising chemical, magnetic, mechanical thermal and biological and the extensively used technologies will be reviewed in this section. The comparison table of different devices for storage of energy is shown in Table 1, (Masaud et al., 2010).

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