I-Schools and the Present Worldwide Trend and the Indian Scenario

I-Schools and the Present Worldwide Trend and the Indian Scenario

Prantosh Kr. Paul (Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, India) and D. Chatterjee (Institute of Engineering and Management, India)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch246
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Features Of I-Schools

I-Schools or Information Schools are the academic units which are dedicated to the information solution through academic and research outputs. It is primarily responsible for the collection, selection, organization, processing, management and dissemination of information with the help of Technologies. The main difference between IT Schools and I-Schools is that, IT Schools provide Technological Manpower and solution such as database, Networking, Software, Hardware and Core Computing, Multimedia and image processing, whereas I-Schools are responsible for the Information solution or knowledge Management solution with the help of Technologies such as Database Management, Networking Technology, Multimedia Technology, Communication Technology and Web Technology. Thus I-Schools are dedicated to information solution powered by technologies (Paul, 2012). I-Schools are also responsible for Information and technological application in society, commerce, health and governance. Thus I-Schools deal much more with societies and believe in interaction between Information, Technology and Society Where as IT Schools deal just about application rather than societal approach. LIS schools deal with information solution in library and similar foundations, I-Schools deal and works with several domains and institutions (Figure 1) (Vickery, & Vickery,1987; Paul, 2012).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Information Science: Information Science is actually a discipline of disciplines. It has come from the subject which deals with information, information services, information activities and digital information. So mainly from library science, archive science, documentation science, computer science it has originated; however this is not truly computer science nor library science. This is an interdisciplinary science; which is a combination of Library Science, Computer Science, Information Technology, Management Science, Operation Research and the subjects that deal with information.

Interdisciplinary: Connection between some subjects irrespective of domain and direct and indirect connection with main facet or sub field.

Information: Information as a concept has a diversity of meanings, from everyday usage to technical settings. Generally speaking, the concept of information is closely related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, instruction, knowledge, meaning, mental stimulus, pattern, perception, and representation.

UGC: University Grants Commission is the main regulator of Universities of India, Including Central, State, Private and Deemed

Information School: I-Schools are academic units which work for professional and academic solution of Information and Technologies. Information Schools are responsible for providing manpower in the field of Information and Technologies and Computing. I-Schools gained popularity during 1990’s when Internet reached the common people and other commercial ventures. It is in this time the explosion of information has lead the development of healthy information management approach. Earlier evolution of I-Schools provided such knowledge as Library Science, Communication Science, Mass-Communication, Computer Science and Information Technology.

Computing: Computing includes designing and building hardware and software systems for a wide range of purposes; processing structuring, and managing various kinds of information; doing scientific studies using computers; making computer systems behave intelligently; creating and using communications and entertainment media; finding and gathering information relevant to any particular purpose, and so on (ACM).abbreviations and Acronyms.

AICTE: This is All India Council for Technical Education responsible for the Engineering, Technical and Menagement Education in India

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