ICTs and Coordination for Poverty Alleviation

ICTs and Coordination for Poverty Alleviation

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-3643-9.ch008
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Abstract

In recent decades, calls for poverty alleviation have increased significantly in both developed and developing countries. Relatively, ICTs have been viewed as offering helpful tools for poverty reduction. This chapter investigates access to ICTs in the context of poverty, in both developed and developing countries. Based on a sample of 40 countries (20 developing and 20 developed countries), several statistical tests have been performed with promising results obtained. It is first shown that people in developing countries have less access to ICTs relative to those in developed countries. Second, it is also proven that the use of Internet is positively affected by the literacy rate within a country. The higher the literacy rate, the higher the number of Internet users in a country. The third result conveys that countries with higher GDP per capita ensure higher access to ICTs for their populations. Finally, this chapter proposes that populations of countries with higher poverty rates have less access to ICTs.
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High Interdependencies Of The Needs Of The Poor

Individuals and groups face major interdependencies for the satisfaction of their needs for goods and services. However, the poorest segments face more constraints and risks for attainment of their basic requirements. Table 1 shows the large set of needs and their likely independencies in the context of poverty. The variety of needs is to be satisfied under series of monetary and non-monetary pressure and constraints. Incomes are low, prices that are higher than for other groups besides other risks related to growth and development of needs. This first part attempts to underline the main features of poverty through looking at the multiplicity of needs, their interdependencies, but also the pressures of constraints and risks. The framework introduced in Table 1 to show the areas of needs and the risks faced by the poor, is also used later in chapter 10 to show the levels of coordination needed among series of players. For each sector of material and immaterial needs, the requirements related to access (entry), necessary transactions (transaction and maintenance), besides constraints and opportunities (opportunities) in addition to the risks (risks) are introduced in Table 1.

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