Identification of Challenges and Opportunities for Work 4.0 Competences Developing in Slovakia

Identification of Challenges and Opportunities for Work 4.0 Competences Developing in Slovakia

Helena Fidlerová (Slovak University of Technology, Slovakia), Martina Porubčinová (Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia), Martin Fero (Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia) and Ivana Novotná (Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9810-7.ch003

Abstract

Industry 4.0 and its effect on processes and people becomes reality with all organizational and technological complex implications for the future. States around the world including Slovakia face the challenge of defining strategy on how to convert the challenges of Industry 4.0 into competitive advantage. This chapter focuses on Work 4.0 competences development, analyzed in the level of enrichment of the human capital content as well as in the level of labor market polarization. The aim of this chapter is to present opportunities and threats in competence development regarding the concept of Intelligent Industry and discuss sustainable solutions in the context of National Action Plan of Intelligent Industry of Slovak Republic, looking for win-win strategy. The authors analyze differences in competences achieved via education system in Slovakia and expectations of industry. Special attention is given the situation in Slovakia, country-oriented on automotive and with strong cooperation with Germany as innovation leader in European countries, to find strategy within this no zero game.
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Background

The innovative process of technological change, which is technologically based on the Internet, has formed the basis for Industry 4.0 concept as a new stage of the production process (Lukac, 2015). The concept of “Industry 4.0” was recognized in Germany to refer to the development of “cyber-physical systems” (CPS) and dynamic data processes that use massive amounts of data to drive smart machines (Strange & Zucchella, 2017).

The fourth industrial revolution, as a change within the entire value chain across the product life-cycle in company including a new level of digitalization, automatic data exchange and automation, demands a has significant paradigm shift in management of manufacturing and organization processes (Maslarić, Nikoličić, & Mirčetić, 2016; Saniuk & Saniuk, 2017; Schuh, Gartzen, Rodenhauser, & Marks, 2015; Wolf, Kleindienst, Ramsauer, Zierler, & Winter, n.d.). This cycle is geared to increasingly individualised customer wishes, and extends from the idea, the development and production work, and the delivery of a product to the final customer, to recycling, including the associated services. It is based on the availability of all relevant information in real-time as a result of networking all the parties involved in value creation, and on the ability to infer the optimal value stream from data at any time.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Job Substitution: Displacement of workers by computers and robots marked especially in work positions with explicit and codifiable tasks.

Work 4.0: The term refers to changing human capital content reflecting key signs of work tasks and forms of organization of work in relation to Industry 4.0 requirements.

Workforce 4.0: Knowledge, skills and competence development as a result of human resources and Industry 4.0 interaction.

Non-Formal Learning: Education organized outside formal education provided by different institutions (cultural institutions, enterprises, adult education institutions) in different forms and contents of non-credit education.

Work 4.0 Polarization: Trend of development of work towards groupings of human-intensive work tasks and computer-intensive work tasks in relation to different amounts of automatable tasks.

Cobot: Collaborative robot designed to interact with humans in a conjoint work flow capable to operate autonomously or with limited guidance.

Non-Zero Game: Desired situation in which each stakeholder aggregate gains and aim of participation is not competition but the collaboration.

Win-Win Strategy: Strategy ensuring that both sides are satisfied and there is added value for all stakeholders.

Polanyi's Paradox: The term stresses the importance of tacit knowledge, pointing that there exist many tasks which human beings understand intuitively how to perform but cannot explicitly verbalize and codify.

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