Identifying the Components of a Smart Health Ecosystem for Asthma Patients: A Systematic Literature Review and Conceptual Framework

Identifying the Components of a Smart Health Ecosystem for Asthma Patients: A Systematic Literature Review and Conceptual Framework

Gloria Ejehiohen Iyawa (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia), Asiya Khan (University of Plymouth, UK), Sesinam Dagadu (tinyDavid, Ghana), Kristine Mae Magtubo (Veris Tech, Inc, Philippines) and Rupert Calvin Sievert (Veris Tech, Inc, Philippines)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9246-4.ch008

Abstract

With asthma being one of the leading causes of death in different countries, the emphasis on improving the health of asthma patients is important. While the use of smart technologies is a good approach for improving the health of asthma patients, technologies need to be connected in such a way that all components of smart health form an ecosystem. However, the components of such an ecosystem have not been identified in the current literature. The purpose of this chapter was to identify the components of a smart health ecosystem for asthma patients through a systematic literature review. A total of 28 articles met the inclusion criteria. This chapter identified the components of a smart health ecosystem for asthma patients and provided a conceptual framework. The findings of the systematic literature review are expected to inform researchers on the components required for building a smart health ecosystem for asthma patients.
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Research Methodology

Research Questions

The methodology applied in the chapter is the systematic literature review. The systematic literature review aimed to answer two research questions (RQ):

  • 1.

    What is a smart health ecosystem for asthma patients?

  • 2.

    What are the components of a smart health ecosystem for asthma patients?

Literature Sources

A systematic literature review was conducted on three academic databases: IEEE Xplore, Scopus, and ScienceDirect. In order to identify papers which are not included in the databases, Google Scholar was also used. Google search engine was also used to identify gray literature and non-academic publications relevant to the subject. The following keywords were used to search for relevant papers: (“smart health” AND “asthma”) OR (“smart health ecosystem” AND “asthma”). The publication year was between 2013 to 2018.

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