Impact of ICT on the Changing Roles of the Librarian, Other Library and Information Science (LIS) Professionals, and Managerial Change

Impact of ICT on the Changing Roles of the Librarian, Other Library and Information Science (LIS) Professionals, and Managerial Change

Kanchan Kamila (University of Burdwan, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2500-6.ch026

Abstract

Fast-paced change in technology, particularly the origin of ICT and social, political, economical change forced to managerial change in Libraries and Information Centres (LICs) is necessary for LICs to survive in the twenty-first century. In this context, managerial change towards structure, technology, task, people, library policies, objectives, and functions of information systems and processes of managerial change in LICs are discussed, and the chapter concludes that “Change Management” is the only feasible solution to overcome all the difficulties and problems created in the ever-changing environment for the overall development and progress of LICs in the ICT era.
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Major Challenges Of 21St Century Librarian

In a fast-changing, expanding diverse global digital information environment, libraries are facing a variety of complex challenges from multiple sectors of knowledge society in the 21st century. The major challenges are:

  • Information explosion.

  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT).

  • Growth and usage of web resources.

  • Use of digital resources.

  • User’s expectations.

  • Virtual learning environment.

  • Virtual educational institutions.

  • Development of digital, virtual, and hybrid libraries.

  • Online bookshops and information services.

These challenges have called for orientation, reengineering, transformation, and great changes in the information environment, library functions, and the roles of library and information service professionals.

The functions of a modern library include:

  • Application of new technologies in libraries.

  • Computerization and networking of all library operations, resources and services.

  • Build both print and electronic information resources.

  • Providing a access to the content of local and global resources and services.

  • Provide guidance and training in the usage of digital resources.

  • Provide responsive products and services to meet the user needs and expectations.

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