Implementation of Electronic Health Record (EHR) System in the Healthcare Industry

Implementation of Electronic Health Record (EHR) System in the Healthcare Industry

Robert P. Schumaker (Central Connecticut State University, USA) and Kavya P. Reganti (Central Connecticut State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8756-1.ch051
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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to demonstrate the efficiency of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) software that is adopted in the healthcare industry to provide better patient care. The authors examine the impact of EHRs on the efficient delivery of healthcare services. More specifically, they detail the origin of EHR, its significance in modern healthcare delivery along with the selection and implementation criteria for EHR software. They present a survey on the extent of adoption of EHR by clinicians. They also highlight the challenges and barriers faced by organizations in adopting EHR software such as cost, workflow impact and data security. Finally, the authors contemplate the future of EHR, its role in the implementation of health information exchange and its implementation in the cloud. They conclude that the implementation of EHR in the cloud is an important step towards better health management across the population with the end-goal of better health outcomes.
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2. Literature Review

The Electronic Health Record (EHR) System emerged as a result of a combination of information communications technology and knowledge management to capture, code, and disseminate health information in the form of electronic health record systems that enhance care, not simply replace paper. Electronic health records have enormous potential to improve the flow of information across healthcare systems, and information is critical in the effective management of patient care (Mason, 2013).

In this section we will discuss several aspects of EHR software. Section 2.1 describes the importance of software, section 2.2 gives the details right from the selection of software to its adoption. Section 2.3 focuses on future of EHR.

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