Increasing Women's Chances in STEM Fields and Combating Challenges

Increasing Women's Chances in STEM Fields and Combating Challenges

Karleah Harris (University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, USA), Kieu Ngoc Le (Can Tho University, Vietnam), Roseline Jindori Yunusa Vakkia (De Rose Community Holistic Wellness, USA), and Afua Nyarkoa Ofori (Beckett Springs Hospital, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-5053-6.ch006
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Research has shown the challenges women face in the STEM fields, even though there are benefits. Therefore, knowing the challenges can help better prepare females for careers in STEM and help with policymaking. In this chapter, the authors have highlighted the impact of remote learning in STEM and how to increase women's representation and STEM on college students. They recognize that interventions are needed to help recruit and retain women in STEM fields, and female role models are required. Therefore, having a diverse workforce culture is vital, and removing the gender stereotypes associated with women in STEM is critical for the future of women's interest and employment in STEM fields.
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What Is STEM?

According to Beede et al. (2011), STEM is referred to as “science, technology, engineering and math” (p. 2). STEM jobs include occupations that are in computer sciences, engineering, life/physical sciences, and mathematics fields. Beede et al. (2011) placed STEM occupations into four district categories. For example, physical/life sciences, computer/math, STEM managerial occupations, and engineering/survey. Beede et al. (2011) noted that the computer/math fields had the largest STEM jobs among the different categories. At the same time, STEM degree holders are viewed as individuals that have their undergraduate degrees in STEM fields (Beede et al., 2011).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Fixed Mindset: Unchangeable.

Growth Mindset: One’s intelligence can grow.

Stereotype: The way one negatively characterizes a partial group.

STEM: Means science, technology, engineering, and math.

Stereotypes Treat: Being in a situation where individuals can experience judgment due to societal stereotypes.

Gender: Behavior that is learning about females or males.

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