Individual School Case Studies

Individual School Case Studies

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2187-7.ch004
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This chapter presents information on a study designed to examine how three schools—one rural middle/high school and two urban high schools—have implemented the RTI service delivery model. Although the students at each site go through tiers, each school uses the model a little differently in order to match its specific needs with its teaching personnel and pupil deficits. Despite the differences in operation, each school has used the RTI model to improve its students' academic success. The data presented in this chapter were gathered from online resources, such as state report cards and individual school demographic information, and interviews with educators at the case study schools. Links to the online school-related data are not provided herein for confidentiality purposes.
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Case Study 1

The school for Case Study 1 is located in a rural area in the northeastern region of the United States and is unique in that one physical building houses Grades 7–12 (middle and high school combined). The senior graduating class is approximately 80 students per year, and in 2016, 92% of the class graduated. There is little diversity within the school: 96.3% of the students are White, 1.3% are multiracial, and 1% are Asian. All other ethnicities—African American, Hispanic, Native American, and Pacific Islander—make up 1.4% of the total school population. Other demographic information about the school is shown in Table 1.

Table 1.
School 1 demographics
Focus AreaData
Graduation Rate from 2003–2016Between 92% (2003) and 97% (2016)
Dropout Rate (2016)1.4%
Chronic Absenteeism8.3%
Student-Teacher Ratio14:1
Average Number of Students Proficient in Math83% (State avg.—78.3%)
Average Number of Students Proficient in Reading90% (State avg.—84.6%)
Expenses Paid on Each Student$11,330 (State avg.—$12,910, National—$11,927)
Free and Reduced Lunches27% (State avg.—44%, National—52%)
Students with IEPs15%

How RTI Started

The school in Case Study 1 started the RTI service delivery model during the 2009–2010 school year after a change in school superintendents. It took a year to introduce the model to the teaching staff (see the Professional Development section); after that, the school fully embraced it during the 2010–2011 school year and continues using it today. The building administrator is responsible for RTI, and it is used throughout the entire school, which encompasses 570 students in Grades 7–12.

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