Individualized Web-Based Instructional Design

Individualized Web-Based Instructional Design

Fethi Inan (Texas Tech University, USA) and Michael Grant (University of Memphis, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-503-2.ch212

Abstract

Adaptive (Individualized) Web-based instruction provides mechanisms to individualize instruction for learners based on their individual needs. This chapter will discuss adaptive Web-based instruction, paying particular attention to (a) the implications of individual differences to Web-based instruction, (b) the adaptive methods that are available to designers and developers, and (c) the considerations for instruction design and development with adaptive Web-based instruction. The primary purpose of this chapter is to provide a framework to shape the development of future individualized Web-based instruction.
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Adaptive Web-Based Instruction And Individual Characteristics

Adaptive instruction means creating a learning environment and finding instructional approaches and techniques that conform to meet students’ individual needs (Park & Lee, 2003). Adaptive Web-based learning environments (A-WBLEs) are one form of adaptive instruction that tailor individual differences in the online environment (Inan & Grant, 2004, 2005). In A-WBLEs, the fundamental focus is the individual differences of learners, because individual differences such as gender, prior knowledge, and learning styles have demonstrated significant effects on student learning (e.g., Chen & Paul, 2003). To provide a guiding framework, A-WBLEs (1) gather a learner’s information and preferences, (2) build an individual model based on the learner’s preferences and knowledge, (3) apply adaptive methods to accommodate the learner based on the developed model, and (4) monitor the learner’s actions and learning processes to provide new information to update the learner’s model, granting a more effective and efficient system (Inan & Grant, 2004).

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