Information and Its Conceptual Perspectives

Information and Its Conceptual Perspectives

José Poças Rascão (Institute Polytechnic of Setúbal, Portugal)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch384

Abstract

Information has attributes/positivist concepts that some authors use to better understand it. Others are critical about information subjectivism. This chapter discusses conceptual perspectives of information. The aim is to study the concepts of information from some areas of knowledge of the social sciences, cognitive and business looking to propose a concept of information in the field of information science. The methodology of the study is formed by bibliographical research. It is concluded that the concept of information is still in full development.
Chapter Preview
Top

Introduction

Information has attributes/positivist concepts that some authors use to better understand it. Others are critical about information subjectivism. This chapter discusses conceptual perspectives of information. The aim is to study the concepts of information from some areas of knowledge of the social sciences, cognitive and business looking to propose a concept of information in the field of information science. The methodology of the study is formed by bibliographical research. It is concluded that the concept of information is still in full development.

The concept of information depends on the perception of information (Kirk, 1999). Although this is not something that shocks, raises some interesting questions and research opportunities. For example, as we get the information? What are the claims, limits and consequences of these perceptions? Can these perceptions be described and why?

Key Terms in this Chapter

Information: The information as “data with value for decision making”. The description of this concept refers to the effect that information, such as reduction of uncertainty, we consider, as an example of how to process information.

Knowledge: The information can be considered as a “substance” which can be acquired, stored and possessed by a person or group and transmitted from person to person or from group to group. The information has certain stability and perhaps is better faced as existing at the society level.

Objective Information and Subjective Information: To distinguish two main concepts of information: objective information and subjective information. In its systemic concept, the information will be considered: subjective information quadruple objective information, and both processes that relate.

Data: The data does not carry any sense or meaning of the facts, images or sounds, since they lack relational elements essential to the establishment of a complete meaning, requiring a relational structure internal to a cognitive purpose.

Profitability of Information: “Information is a complex concept, ubiquitous since the emergence of life and inherent in any evolutionary process and thus served and continues to serve as a framework for reflection so much in biology, physics, psychology, in management, in Linguistics, as in many other branches of science”.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset