Infrastructures of Knowledge Sharing Countrywide

Infrastructures of Knowledge Sharing Countrywide

Leila Nemati-Anaraki (Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9562-7.ch020
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Knowledge sharing has become a strategic source of gaining and preserving competitive advantage and collaboration between different organizations. Therefore, providing platforms and infrastructure is essential in this process. The method of this chapter is mixed and applied research (first, the author uses literature review and Delphi method, and after that, she does a survey) that was conducted in 2013. The study population was the faculty members of medical universities and research centers in Iran. According to the statistical results, around 17 percent of professors considered the organizational structure as acceptable. There was also a sharing of knowledge and experience of faculties in the 4.82 percent somewhat faculty teaching and research within their organization more than other organizations. From the view of faculties, conferences and forums, with an average rank of 4.93, and personnel exchanges, with the average 4.24, are the most effective ways of sharing. The outcomes of the application will provide an empirical basis for planning and implementing knowledge sharing mechanisms.
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The tendency of countries to admit globalization along with development of information and communication technology, have developed powerful tools to create global networks of education and research (Abel et al., 2007). Activities of the universities in modern days have affected the sole mission of knowledge production and have turned universities into problem-solving service institutes for local, national and global problems. This significant issue duplicates the responsibility of universities on qualitative and quantitative promotion of knowledge sharing. The research and education organizations that utilize the knowledge sharing concepts manage and reinforce their human and organizational capitals through sharing the effective and useful knowledge and promote their knowledge-based capabilities (Hsu, 2008). Knowledge sharing involves a set of common understandings that are created through accessing the organizational information and leads to utilization of knowledge-based networks inside the organization (Hogel, Parboteeah, & Munson, 2003). Several factors are considered in the research conducted to study the factors effective on knowledge sharing. These factors are generally divided in two groups including individual and organizational. On the other hand, the applied studies demonstrate that human and organizational factors and a large number of modern technologies are related to the knowledge sharing process (Huang, Luther, & Tayles, 2007).

Alvani, ZareiMatin and Pashazadeh (2009) identified effective factors in knowledge sharing in their research. One of the factors they identified was technology that involved existence of capabilities of information technology and the amount of utilization of each one of the related tools. The ultimate result after studying elites’ views resulted in identification of the most important factors on information technology arena. Sohrabi et al. (2011) conducted a research titled as “offering a comprehensive model for assessment of knowledge sharing in the state-project organizations on the basis of human, organizational and technical factors”. Application of information technology, accessibility and facilitation of utilization were selected as the subject locutions from among the technical factors. Regarding the obtained statistical results, all the three individual, organizational and technical factors were effective on knowledge sharing.

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