Infusing 21st Century Skills in a Smart Learning Environment for Secondary Mathematics Classrooms

Infusing 21st Century Skills in a Smart Learning Environment for Secondary Mathematics Classrooms

Steve Carlisle Warner (The University of the Southern Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6136-1.ch007

Abstract

The main objective of this chapter is to demonstrate how an instructional model, 2T2C, was used to infuse 21st century skills in the teaching of secondary school mathematics using a smart learning environment (SLE). It was imperative that cooperative and collaborating learning methodologies were included in the teaching model to ensure peer/teacher interaction to enhance student communication, the infusion of high-order thinking skills to guarantee that students can solve real-world problems and think at higher cognitive levels, the introduction of self-efficacy sessions to ensure that all students have the confidence and self-esteem to believe and have the self-assurance to solve mathematical real-world problems and take responsibility for their own learning, and the infusion of technology as a resource in the teaching and learning process: hence, 2T2C (thinking, technology, communication, and confidence). The scenarios presented highlighted the need for communication, high-level cognitive objectives, multiple evaluation practices, and thinking as key to the learning process.
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Background

The exponential growth of technology is increasinglyaffecting everything we do, and this will continue in the future. The rise of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) algorithms is an indication that most aspects of societal life have the potential to be instrumented, interconnected, and infused with intelligent design. One area in which AI is greatly impacting our lives is education.AI has the capabilities, for example, to determine each students’ educational needs in a classroom. This task is more challenging to accomplish as a teacher and will be a welcomed help. Additionally, students will benefit by having daily activities specifically formulated by an AI personal assistance.

In 1997, Malaysia, for example, approved and implemented a smart education project (Chan, 2002). Singapore implemented their Intelligent Nation (iN2015) Master Plan in 2006 (Hua, 2012).Australia’s collaboration with IBM resulted in the design of a smart, multi-disciplinary student-centric education system (IBM, 2012). South Korea ratified the SMART education project to reform their educational system and improving educational infrastructures (Choi & Lee, 2012).The United Arab Emirates (UAE) endorsed a smart learning program named Mohammed Bin Rashid Smart Learning Program (MBRSLP) in 2012.

It must be noted that all these smart school projects were conceptually instituted to improve learning outcomes in the educational system and to prepare graduates with skills that meet the tests of the 21st century. The New York Smart School program, for instance, highlightsthat the role of technology integration into the classroom is to prepare students to be prepared to participate in the 21st century economy (New York Smart Schools Commission Report, 2014). Finland also established a smart education project that is continuing systemic learning solutions (SysTech) in 2011 with the aim of promoting 21st century learning with user-driven and motivational learning solutions (Kankaanranta & Mäkelä, 2014). The need to design and implement smart learning environments (SLEs) is inevitable for 21st century classrooms.

This case study discusses the author’s project to develop an SLE in a secondary mathematics classroom in Trinidad and Tobago. For the author to create the SLE, his Thinking Technology Communication Confidence (2T2C) Model, derived from his dissertation (Warner, 2015), was adapted to ensure a 21st classroom environment was evident (see Figure 1 – 2T2C Model). The reason for creating an SLE is based on creating the best learning environments for students.

Figure 1.

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978-1-5225-6136-1.ch007.f01

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