Innovative Approaches to Traditional Mentoring Practices of Women in Higher Education

Innovative Approaches to Traditional Mentoring Practices of Women in Higher Education

Aubrey LeeAnne Coy Statti (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, USA) and Kelly M. Torres (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7056-1.ch001

Abstract

The chapter will present research specific to the mentoring needs of women in higher education, specifically females in early and mid-career as well as women pursuing senior faculty status and positions of leadership. The chapter will begin with a description and rationale of mentorship, specifically among female faculty, as well as an explanation of the traditional model of mentoring. The chapter will then lead into a discussion of both traditional and innovative methods of mentorship and evaluate the benefits of mentoring to the mentor. Throughout the chapter, mentorship relationships among female faculty are evaluated under the theoretical lens of relational cultural theory and social learning theory. The chapter will conclude with a discussion of future research and potential practice of mentoring female faculty in academia.
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Description Of Mentorship

Zeind, Zdanowicz, Macdonald, Parkhurt, King, and Wizwer (2005) defined mentoring as “a relationship in which an individual who is senior in terms of experience (mentor) undertakes the following roles with a less experience individual (protégé): advisor, teacher, protector, role model, advocate, counselor, and sponsor” (p. 1). In addition to purely professional and academic guidance, mentors often serve as a coach, guide, confidant, and even friend (Hinton, 2006). Waddell, Martin, Schwind, and Lapum (2016) described the goal of academic mentorship as a relationship that provides a supportive environment to advise and coach a faculty member within the context of the organization’s culture and expectations. Additionally, in higher education, mentors may offer their mentees with opportunities to collaborate with conducting research, publishing, and presenting at national conferences (Hinton, 2006).

Further, mentorship relationships provide faculty members professional networking circles as well as someone to assist in making career decisions (Holmes, Danley Land, & Hinton-Hudson, 2007). Moreover, mentorship supports the psychosocial needs of new faculty, especially faculty at smaller institutions who may not have an extended network of support (Angelique, Kyle, & Taylor, 2002). Research indicates that effective mentoring relationships focus on both personal and professional developments (Holmes, Danley Land, & Hinton-Hudson, 2007). Notably, research indicates that having a mentor is a significant component in successful career advancement and that the lack of a mentor relationship may hinder career progression and faculty advancement in higher education (Alvarez & Lazzari, 2016; Baig, Jabeen, Ansari, & Salman, 2015; Bertrand Jones & Osborne-Lampkin, 2013; Chandler, 1996; Gander, 2013; Waddell, Martin, Schwind, & Lapum, 2016; Zeind et al., 2005).

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