Instititutional Opportunities and Challenges of the Wireless City

Instititutional Opportunities and Challenges of the Wireless City

Sukumar Ganapati (Florida International University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-918-2.ch021
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Abstract

This chapter explores the institutional opportunities and challenges of adopting wireless communications for mobile government at the local level. The basic ingredients of wireless for m-government include the wireless devices and the wireless infrastructure. The proliferation of wireless devices provides opportunities for transforming field operations, coordinating emergency management, enhancing citizen services and participation, and narrowing the digital divide. Challenges, however, exist in terms of wireless security, interoperability, and infrastructure provision.
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Evolution Of Wireless Communications

Wireless communications are not new. The telegraph network was invented by Samuel Morse in 1838. Guglielmo Marconi obtained the patent for wireless telegraph in 1897. Radio communications have been in use since the beginning of the 20th century. Mobile telephone services were introduced after World War II, with the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) recognizing them as new class of services in 1949. However, the modern wireless communications technology has evolved significantly since then. The widespread growth of wireless across the globe is also a more recent phenomenon, since the late 1990s. The exponential growth of wireless communications is one of the key drivers enabling the mobile government (Kuscu, Kushchu, and Yu, 2007).

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