Institutional Repositories as Impetus for Curbing Plagiarism in Nigerian Universities

Institutional Repositories as Impetus for Curbing Plagiarism in Nigerian Universities

Doosuur Dianne Ashaver
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3093-0.ch011
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This chapter is an exposition on the Institutional Repositories as impetus to curbing plagiarism in Nigerian universities. The chapter analyses the nature of academic plagiarism and its prevalence in institutions of higher learning in Nigeria especially among students and faculty members. The chapter also proffers strategies which universities can employ to minimise and or eventually curb plagiarism.
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Literature Review

Institutional Repositories provide an immediate and futuristic valuable complement to the existing scholarly publishing model, Batane, (2010) and at the same time stimulate innovation in a new disaggregated publishing structure. The immediate benefit of the Institutional Repository Anbu, (n.d.) explained that all the research outputs which are collected and stored in its repository are unconditionally made available to its faculty and to all other members who are associated with it. This notwithstanding, as academic institutions and producers of primary research, it is saddled on it, the responsibility of capturing and preserving the intellectual output of their faculty, students, staff and other researchers in the university community.

Hence, Institutional Repositories may be defined as a type of digital library established by an institution, populated by the staff, researchers, students and other members of the institution and to be consulted by both members of the university and the outside world. Ogbomo and Muokebe, (2015).

An institutional repository is also seen as an online archive for collecting, preserving and disseminating digital copies of the intellectual outputs of an institution. This is particular with research institutions. The reason for the development of an institutional repository is to redefine the production and dissemination of intellectual property/materials of an academic community. Bailey, (2008).

Key Terms in this Chapter

DOAR: Directory of Open Access Repositories.

ROAR: Registry of Open Access Repositories.

OAI: Open Archive Initiative.

EOS: EnablingOpenScholarship.

WPA: Writing Program Administrators.

OAI-PMH: Open Archive Initiative Protocol For Metadata Harvesting.

IRs: Covers only those owned by the universities.

Turnitin: Plagiarism detection device.

Unconscious Plagiarism: Indulging in the act of plagiarism ignorantly.

UNPlag: Plagiarism Detection device.

IDRs: Institutional Digital Repositories.

Fedora: Flexible Extension Digital Object Repository Architecture.

SPARC: Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resource Coalition.

IRs: Institutional Repositories.

DPLA: Digital Public Library of America.

Nigeria Universities: All universities operating within the country Nigeria, irrespective of type.

Curb: Prevent from getting out of control.

Impetus: Something that encourages a process to develop rapidly.

Academic Honesty: Honesty especially in the area of writing, citation and accurate referencing.

Nigerian Students: All university students in Nigeria irrespective of nationality.

Cryptomnesia: Unconscious plagiarism.

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