Integrating Green ICT in a Supply Chain Management System

Integrating Green ICT in a Supply Chain Management System

Bhuvan Unhelkar (University of Western Sydney & MethodScience, Australia) and Yi-Chen Lan (University of Western Sydney, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-472-1.ch421


Green Integrated Supply Chain Management (GISCM) brings together various stakeholders in the supply chain within and outside the organization to help the organization improve its environmental credentials. To benefit both the business and the environmental bottom line, the supply chain management of an organization needs to be analyzed, planned and optimized for sourcing and deliveries and in an environmentally-conscious manner. Such analysis includes suppliers, customers, regulatory authorities and employees at all levels on an organization. Undoubtedly, electronic (Internet-based) systems deliver enterprises with a competitive advantage by opening up opportunities to streamline processes, reduce costs, increase customer patronage and enable straight thorough processing capabilities. These same characteristics of good SCM can be converted to handle environmental issues related to supply chain operation and processing. This chapter proposes a fundamental framework for creating and analyzing GISCM solutions.
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Green Integrated Supply Chain Management Overview

GISCM involves the linking of Suppliers and Customers with the internal supply processes of an organization from an environmental perspective. Internal processes include both vertically integrated functional areas such as materials, sales and marketing, manufacturing, inventory and warehousing, distribution or perhaps, other independent companies, which involved in the supply chain (i.e. channel integration). Customers at one end of the process can potentially be a supplier downstream in the next process, ultimately supplying to the end user (Turner, 1993; Handfield, 1999).

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