Integrative Associations and Food Security: Case of China-Russia Interregional Cooperation

Integrative Associations and Food Security: Case of China-Russia Interregional Cooperation

Alexander Voronenko (Khabarovsk State University of Economics and Law, Russia), Sergei Greizik (Khabarovsk State University of Economics and Law, Russia) and Mikhail Tomilov (Economic Research Institute, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Science, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1042-1.ch018

Abstract

This chapter presents the analysis of agricultural regulations in the frames of the World Trade Organization (WTO) along with an overview of control measures in the sphere of food security in bilateral and multilateral trade unions. The main attention is given to the associations in the Asia-Pacific Region (APR). The chapter concludes with an overview of interregional cooperation between Russia and China in the sphere of agriculture and analysis of its impact on food security of the region. Recommendations for improving and establishing food security are made and future research directions are discussed.
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Background

Globally, food security studies are conducted by the FAO, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and The Economist Intelligence Unit. These organizations collect data on agricultural production and trade, calculate indexes of food security for different countries, describe the situation in this sphere in different regions, and develop measures to address emerging food insecurity problems.

Along with this, IFPRI scholars study the impact of free trade, protectionism, and integration processes on food security across the continents and countries (Martin & Laborde Debucquet, 2018; Wang, 2015; Qi et al., 2017; Grishkova & Poluhin, 2014; Uskova, 2014). So far, however, few studies have actually paid enough attention to the impact of specific measures implemented within various integration and trade unions on food security in member countries. In particular, food insecurity problem has been poorly addressed in China-Russia interregional trade and economic cooperation.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Free Trade Zone of Asia-Pacific (FTZAP): A proposed free trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Vietnam, Hong Kong SAR, Indonesia, Canada, China, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Russia, Republic of Korea, Singapore, USA, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines, Chile, and Japan.

Arable Land: A land capable of being plowed and used to grow crops.

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP): A trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam.

Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership (CREP): A proposed free trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan.

Collective Farm: A type of agricultural production in which multiple farmers run their holdings as a joint enterprise. The process by which farmland is aggregated is called collectivization.

Russia’s Far East: The eastern territories of Russia between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean. The region includes the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Region, Kamchatka Krai, Magadan Oblast, Primorsky Krai, Sakhalin Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, and Chukchi Autonomous Region. These territories compose the Far Eastern Federal District.

Northeast Asia: A sub-region of Asia, which consists of the northeastern landmass and islands, bordering the Pacific Ocean. In the chapter, the authors refer this term to China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea as major actors in the sub-region.

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