Intelligence Studies, Theory, and Intergroup Conflict and Resolution: Theory and Beyond

Intelligence Studies, Theory, and Intergroup Conflict and Resolution: Theory and Beyond

Elena Mastors (University of Phoenix, USA) and Joseph H. Campos (University of Hawaii, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9661-7.ch014
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Abstract

The study of intelligence traditionally relies on descriptive and case study approaches. However, the study of intelligence should shift from this reliance on case study approaches to one grounded in multidisciplinary theory. In particular, social psychological approaches should be fully integrated into an intelligence studies curriculum. These theories inform our understanding of intergroup processes, specifically intergroup conflict, so that we can begin to develop appropriate conflict resolution strategies.
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Background

The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 took great pains to enhance the concept of national intelligence. Traditional notions of intelligence, with an emphasis on a distinction between international and domestic concerns, are organized around specific sources and limited methods. The Act, instead, emphasized timeliness and accuracy, demanding that intelligence be organized around issues or problems, not solely sources:

Paragraph (5) of section 3 of the National Security Act of1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a) is amended to read as follows:

“(5) The terms ‘national intelligence’ and ‘intelligence related to national security’ refer to all intelligence, regardless of the source from which derived and including information gathered within or outside the United States, that—

“(A) pertains, as determined consistent with any guidance issued by the President, to more than one United

States Government agency; and

“(B) that involves—

“(i) threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests;

“(ii) the development, proliferation, or use of weapons of mass destruction; or

“(iii) any other matter bearing on United States national or homeland security.”. (Intelligence Prevention and Reform Act, 2004).

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