Intelligent Sockets for Home Automation and Security: An Approach Through IoT and Image Processing

Intelligent Sockets for Home Automation and Security: An Approach Through IoT and Image Processing

Bharath V. N. (JSS Science and Technology University, India), Adyanth H. (JSS Science and Technology University, India), Shreekanth T. (JSS Science and Technology University, India), Nalina Suresh (University of Namibia, India) and Ananya M. B. (JSS Science and Technology Universit, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 28
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9246-4.ch016
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The intelligent sockets are an advancement in approach to better the features and convenience offered by the existing switchboards. All updates to the board are done via a separately kept server for the web interface which connects to the home network. The features provided to the user can be bettered progressively via software updates. Features like timers which work in both automatic and manual mode, security aspect via surveillance and facial recognition, overload and usage logging with the help of the current sensor is provided. The data is also verified with the actual meter for accuracy and as a check for tampering. The data so gathered can also be used for prediction using machine learning. System first classifies various types of analog meters. Right now, the lbph classifier is trained to detect analog meter with needle and Analog meter with text readings.
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Existing Technology And Its Review

Literature Survey

  • Santoro et al. proposed an innovative socket that helps in demand and response analysis and plan the generation of power. They evaluated total harmonic distortion and sent the calculated data to the monitoring station. There is no active logging system and security system (Santoro, Calderaro, Galdi, & Piccolo, 2016).

  • Pawar et al. proposed an made an effort to measure power consumption with the use of Zigbee. The setup consisted of op-amp circuits to calculate continuous voltage and current sensor to calculate the instantaneous power. The cost of implementation was higher due to the use of Zigbee and decrease in the range (Pawar, & Vittal, 2017).

  • Xu et al. proposed a system using low power microcontroller MSP430 to achieve wireless home intelligent socket. The system works by connecting and controlling via SMS and a mobile app. Some of the disadvantages are lack of security system, making it viable to dangers (Xu, & He, 2017).

  • Xiao et al. proposed a system to link independent electric appliances independently to gather information and control those subsystems at a low cost and power consumption. It was not extensible to large scale systems, hence could not be scaled (Xiao, Liu, & Hu, 2016).

  • Mr. Atonu Ghosh put forward a system using Raspberry Pi that controls the tasks at home such as switching appliances on & off over internet using a personal computer or a mobile or a tablet through the browser. Some of the drawbacks are unavailability of low power mode for child access, Raspberry Pi is used in every socket which increases the cost (Ghosh, 2016).

  • Yan-Rong Tong et al. proposed a system which controls appliances connected to smart sockets. The disadvantages are power consumption was not measured, no protection against high voltage/current fluctuations (Tong, & Li, 2017).

  • Mon-Chau Shie et al. proposed a system where sockets were equipped with ZigBee wireless transceivers and the devices connected could be controlled. Some of the disadvantages are no intrusion system, no timers for the sockets (Shie, Lin, Su, Chen, & Hetahaean, 2014).

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