International Migration and Power Relationships: Exploring Requirements for Successful Regulatory Framework

International Migration and Power Relationships: Exploring Requirements for Successful Regulatory Framework

Shadrack B. Ramokgadi (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7328-1.ch005
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The individual choice to decide where to live bears directly on personal freedom, and the desire for survival and economic development. The right to geographic mobility is ideally safeguarded by international migration regulatory frameworks that derive from country-specific constitutions and inter-states arrangements. On the other hand, empirical evidence suggests that some countries restrict human mobility to take predetermined migration patterns. This chapter presents that the historical evolution in the relationship between the natural environment and human activities offers the opportunity to explore requirements for the successful implementation of any International Migration Regulatory Framework (IMRF). In doing so, the author contends that extant geopolitical conditions defining such relations need to be explored within state-centric political practices and civil society perceptions, put differently, through the dialogue between the state and civil society on migration processes necessary for successful implementation of regulatory framework while surfacing resources-power relationship between migratory states and citizens.
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Power Relations In The Sphere Of Global Migration Governance

The working paper, “Global Migration Governance” (Betts, 2008) provides a holistic approach in the analysis of global governance on international migration issues and power relations. This working paper contends that “with little coherent migration governance, sovereign states are largely able to determine their own migration policies in accordance with their own economic and security interests” (Betts, 2008). Betts (2008) further states that the gravity of power in the international politics of migration is also evident when the “relatively powerful, predominantly migrant receiving states, are able to accepts migrants they regard to be a net benefit and to rejects those they regards to be a net cost” (Betts, 2008). On the other side, Betts support the notion that the powerless states, regions and/or individuals are obliged to succumb to regulatory framework constructed by powerful states, regions and/or individuals. The foregoing theoretical line of arguments paves the way for discussions on power relations between states, regions and/or individuals in the sphere of global migration governance. For purposes of discussions, important aspects are classified as: International Governmental Organizations and International Migration Decisions; and Other Stakeholders and Power Relations.

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