Internet Information Monitoring System: A Digital Tool for Emergencies, Crises, and Disasters

Internet Information Monitoring System: A Digital Tool for Emergencies, Crises, and Disasters

Paola Pinheiro Bernardi Primo (Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Brazil), Michele Nacif Antunes (Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Brazil), Mariela Pitanga Ramos (Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Espírito Santo, Brazil), Carlos Eduardo Gomes Siqueira (University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA), Adauto Emmerich Oliveira (Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Brazil) and José Manuel Mendes (Centre for Social Studies, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, Portugal)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-6705-0.ch004
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Abstract

This study presents an information monitoring system: SIGDesastre. It is a method of monitoring the various sources of information available on the internet. The monitoring scenario is the failure of the dam in Mariana, Brazil. This event was considered the biggest socio-environmental disaster in the country. The creation of SIGDesastre involves the identification of the sources to be monitored, an automated search system for keywords in these pre-registered sources and the visualization of the results in a friendly environment. The use of information monitoring on the internet is considered an important tool for the post-disaster risk communication process. The monitoring of information on the internet is believed to be a potential device to support managers in institutional decisions and in the formulation of public policies. Also, for the affected population, they will be able to expand access to information about the actions being taken by the actors involved.
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The Information Society In Contexts Of Crises, Epidemics And Disasters: Aspects Of Information Monitoring And Risk Communication

Since the last century, information has gained relevance on the world stage, especially after the advent of the Internet. The field of Information Science recognizes the importance of the use and organization of information as a strategic component

Key Terms in this Chapter

Monitoring Scenario: The universe in which the disaster is inserted with the identification of social actors and the predominant themes on the subject.

Socio-Environmental Disasters: Disasters of great magnitude that bring in addition to environmental devastation, economic, social, and political problems in an affected area.

Disaster Management: Management of actions, ideas, policies, and initiatives generated in disaster prevention, mitigation, or responses.

Risk Communication: Disaster-focused communication subarea, emergencies, and crises. It can act in all phases of the disaster prevention, preparedness, response or mitigation and it must always be discussed with the affected population.

Social Actors: Individuals, groups of people, organizations, or institutions with representativeness in a certain territory or society in general.

Information Monitoring System on the Internet: Digital technology that monitors, captures, and makes information available on a given topic on the internet.

Public Health Surveillance: It consists of the collection, consolidation, analysis, and dissemination of data related to the population’s health. It is a systematic and continuous process and aims to plan and implement policies of public health.

Tailings Dam: Constructions made by mining companies. In those places, the waste from the process of processing the mining activity.

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