Internet of Things With Object Detection: Challenges, Applications, and Solutions

Internet of Things With Object Detection: Challenges, Applications, and Solutions

Lavanya Sharma (Uttarakhand Technical University, India) and Nirvikar Lohan (College of Engineering Roorkee, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7432-3.ch006

Abstract

In recent years, everyday objects and locating of people become an active area in IoT-based visual surveillance system. Internet of things (IoT) is basically transferring data with numerous other things. In visual surveillance systems, conventional methods are very easily susceptible to the environmental changes (i.e., illumination changing, slow motion in the background due to waving tree leaves, rippling of water, and variation in lightening condition). This chapter describes the current challenging issues present in literature along with major application areas, resources and dataset, tools and advantages of IoT-based visual surveillance systems.
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1. Introduction

Over the last few decades, the object detection is the initial step, and plays an important role in various applications of computer vision. It is the first step applied to extricate the most informative pixel from the sequence of video captured from CCTV cameras or IP cameras. Till now in literatures various algorithms are presents in literature for the detection of object from video sequence. This chapter provides a detailed overview of Internet of things with Object Detection: Challenges, Applications and Solutions (OGC Senor, 2016; Ren et.al., 2018). Internet of Things is an emerging field wherein a lot of classical approaches can be inculcated. Detection of motion based object is considered as a complicated task because the object may vary in shape, size or color.

Since, 1990’s this approach has been broadly studied and applied by several authors for motion detection, object detection, locating people, indoor- outdoor sequence, logo detection, unusual activity detection, industrial automation, traffic monitoring, medical analysis and other commercial appliances. In computer vision, the effectiveness usage of internet of things, GPS trajectory, and location prediction can be carried out by maintaining a connection between an IP cameras with visual output devices over internet protocol (Felzenszwalb et.al., 2010; Brown, E., 2016; Aribas & Daglarli, 2017; Hu & Giang, 2017).

Mining motion based object data such as trajectory prediction (GPS), and location prediction in rapidly increasingly day by day. Trajectory classification can be best suited to utilize the video sequences of the locations that are visited by the moving or motion based object. Location prediction also plays another important key role in predicting the historical location of motion based object, basically it aims to forecast that the object may visit (Overview of Internet of Things, 2018). The upcoming or next location of moving object can be predicted by comparing the current object location. In this chapter a detailed overview with combination of object detection technique with Internet of Things (IoT) concept is presented in this chapter. The first step in any computer vision and digital image processing is to detect the most informative object from the video sequence to perform any task related to it. The Five waves of IoT is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

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Now days, computer vision is an emerging research area in various applications, it becomes necessary to have an robust system that efficiently detect, track and recognize the object from video sequence. The need of object detection is increasing day by and can be easily visualized in various applications such as industrial automation, military, and other commercial appliances. The Internet also plays a vital role in numerous areas of computation such as banking, social Networking, online bookings and so on. This terminology is considered a revolution in network and communication technology and becomes more popular day by day because it can be seen as “Everything-as-a-service” (Felzenszwalb et.al., 2010; Chen et.al., 2014).

This terminology is a combination of physical address with internet protocol. This concept also involve human and can be applicable on a large number of applications such as smart home, industrial surveillance, medical surveillance and so on. Due to dynamics that keeps on changing, sometimes it becomes more difficult to detect and track the motion based object from the video sequence. The databases for the computer vision also have limitation due to memory requirement, time constraints and hence many of the objects such as person or human detection may be unknown to the system (Li & Wang, 2012). It is very difficult to get critical information about such things because no resource is available which can tell us about it. So, this chapter deals with the above listed scenarios including applications, challenges, solution of internet of things with object detection.

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