Introduction to Smart Environments

Introduction to Smart Environments

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2653-7.ch001


Now the Internet of Things (IoT) is growing fast into a large industry with huge potential economic impact expected in near future. The IoT technology evolves to a substrate for resource interconnection and convergence. The users' needs go beyond the existing web-like services, which do not provide satisfactory coupling and automatic composition when the user tries to solve tasks from her/his everyday life. New generation of services (named “smart services”) emerges. In this chapter, we introduce the problem of effective use of the multitude of IoT-enabled devices and other digital resources that now surround our lives. The devices support and assist human by provision of digital services. This is the key objective of a smart environment. Our focus is on such a particular class of smart environments as smart spaces. This class targets IoT-enabled computing environments, where a smart space is created and then provides an infrastructure for applications to construct and deliver value-added services based on cooperative activity of environment participants, either human or machines.
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The volume and complexity of information and services in the Internet is growing so fast that absolute majority of users cannot efficiently utilize the existing multitude of services, and even are not aware of the existing possibilities. A number of ideas and technologies have been proposed recently for making pervasive and mobile services intelligent and sensitive to the actual users’ needs (Cook, Augusto, & Jakkula, 2009; Kjeldskov, Skov, Nielsen, Thorup, & Vestergaard, 2013). The target key features are:

  • 1.

    Interoperability support for devices, services, and users localized in a physical environment,

  • 2.

    Personalized proactive behavior and coordination models for applications.

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