Introduction: Smart Digital Technologies and the ‘Ladder' of Citizen-Responsive Urban E-Planning

Introduction: Smart Digital Technologies and the ‘Ladder' of Citizen-Responsive Urban E-Planning

Carlos Nunes Silva (Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4018-3.ch001

Abstract

The chapter discusses the background and topic of the book and offers a broad perspective of trends, opportunities, and challenges associated with the widespread use of new smart digital technologies to enhance and sustain citizen e-participation in the different phases of the urban e-planning process. The chapter identifies and discusses factors responsible for the changes in the role assigned to citizens in spatial planning processes, and explores new trends and opportunities for the development of a more citizen-responsive urban e-planning as a result of the use of these smart digital tools.
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