Investigating the Factors Influencing Pre-Service Teachers' Acceptance to Use Mobile Devices for Learning: The Case of a Greek University

Investigating the Factors Influencing Pre-Service Teachers' Acceptance to Use Mobile Devices for Learning: The Case of a Greek University

Georgios K. Zacharis (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1486-3.ch010

Abstract

This chapter determines the factors that significantly influence pre-service teachers' acceptance to use mobile devices as resources for learning in a university context. Based on the methodological framework of the UTAUT, a modified contextualized model of evaluation was created. A data collection instrument was designed, validated contextually, and optimized for mobile learning in higher education. A total of 320 Greek university students from a Faculty of Education participated in the study. Results demonstrated that the instrument constructed showed a notable internal consistency, with a high validity for data collection in 8 of its 9 factors. Results indicated Performance Expectancy, Effort Expectancy, Social Influence, Facilitating Conditions, Hedonic Motivation, and Empowerment in Learning as factors which affected participants' Behavioral Intention to use mobile technology for learning. Behavioral Intention, Social Influence and Empowerment in Learning affected university students' behavior to use mobile devices for learning.
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Introduction

Mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets and laptops are gaining popularity as they are directly connected with our everyday life. Ownership of mobile devices is on the rise, with the majority of adults having more than one mobile device. It is worth mentioning that in the year 2012, the total number of mobile devices exceeded the human population. Most mobile device users are between 18-29 years old, which is the standard age of University students (Crompton & Burke, 2018). New versions of mobile devices bring innovative features that makes them more convenient and affordable.

Mobile devices constitute one of the most popular emerging technologies, as they are light and convenient to carry and give access to multiple applications such as those related to health, banking and mobile learning (Alalwan, Dwivedi, & Rana, 2017; Briz-Ponce, Pereira, Carvalho, Juanes-Méndez, & García-Peñalvo, 2017; Crompton and Burke, 2018; Muñoz-Leiva, Climent-Climent, & Liébana-Cabanillas, 2017; Nikou and Economides, 2017). As a result, they might influence how students learn. Mobile technology for educational purposes, often referred to as mobile learning, has attracted researchers’ attention for their pedagogical implications (Crompton and Burke, 2018; Hamidi & Chavoshi, 2018; Hamidi & Jahanshaheefard, 2019; Heflin, Shewmaker, & Nguyen, 2017; Kim et al., 2017; Nikou & Economides, 2017; Wu et al., 2012). The aim of mobile learning is to facilitate and extend teaching and learning anytime and anywhere to boost motivation, build knowledge, collect and exchange information, promote collaborative, as well as independent and lifelong learning (Sánchez-Prieto, Hernández-García, García-Peñalvo, Chaparro-Peláez, & Olmos-Migueláñez, 2019; Mojarro, Duarte, Guzmán, & Aguaded, 2019).

Undoubtedly, attitudes play an important role in our lives. On a daily basis, the way we accept people and situations determines our attitude and behavior towards them. The relationship between attitude and behavior not only matters in Interpersonal relationships but also in school environments (OECD, 2016). Over recent years, there has been an information and communication explosion in education. Therefore, stakeholders of the educational system - students and educators – must be prepared to use new technologies. This has brought studies on teachers’ attitudes towards technology to the forefront as a key factor in the acceptance and adoption of technologies in education and generally in learning.

For teachers, the use of mobile technology in the classroom setting provides an opportunity to redefine teaching and learning (Heflin, Shewmaker, & Nguyen, 2017; Wu et al., 2012). Any effort to integrate technology into the educational process depends largely on whether teachers themselves support this effort (Teo, 2011). It is reasonable to assume that if teachers themselves do not believe that the use of technology will satisfy their own teaching and learning needs, they are likely to avoid using it. In contrast with other technologies, and despite the use of mobile phones by teachers in their daily lives as well as the high rate of use of mobile devices among teachers, this does not seem to automatically affect their teaching practice, or methodology (Sánchez-Prieto et al., 2019).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Early Childhood Education: Formal and informal educational programs that serves children in their preschool years, before enter to primary education.

Use Behavior: Refers to the way students use mobile devices for educational purposes in the context of higher education.

Empowerment in Learning: Is the process of creating intrinsic task motivation to students by providing an educational environment and tasks, which increase one’s sense of self-efficacy during education process.

Pre-Service Teachers: Students trained from higher education institutions to become professional teachers.

Mobile Device: A computing device with a touch-screen interface, small enough to hold and operate with one hand.

Mobile Learning: Learning conducted by means of mobile devices such as smartphones or tablet computers.

Behavioral Intension: In the context of mobile learning, is the extent to which a student is willing to use and continue to use, mobile devices to learn.

Primary Education: Is typically the first stage of formal education, between early childhood and secondary education.

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