IoT-Based Health Services Framework for Endless Ailment Administration at Remote Areas

IoT-Based Health Services Framework for Endless Ailment Administration at Remote Areas

Rajkumar Rajaseskaran (Vellore Institute of Technology, India), Mridual Bhasin (Vellore Institute of Technology, India), K. Govinda (Vellore Institute of Technology, India), Jolly Masih (Erasmus University, The Netherlands) and Sruthi M. (Vellore Institute of Technology, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1090-2.ch011

Abstract

The objective is to build an IoT-based patient monitoring smart device. The device would monitor real-time data of patients and send it to the Cloud. It has become imperative to attend to minute internal changes in the body that affect overall health. The system would remotely take care of an individual's changes in health and notify the relatives or doctors of any abnormal changes. Cloud storages provide easy availability and monitoring of real-time data. The system uses microcontroller Arduino Nano and sensors – GY80, Heartbeat sensor, Flex sensor, and Galvanic Skin (GSR) sensor with a Wi-Fi Module.
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Introduction

Continuous measurement of patient parameters such as heart rate and rhythm, respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood-oxygen saturation, and many other parameters have become a common feature of the care of critically ill patients. When accurate and immediate decision-making is crucial for effective patient care, electronic monitors frequently are used to collect and display physiological data. Increasingly, such data are collected using non-invasive sensors from less seriously ill patients in a hospital’s medical-surgical units, labor and delivery suites, nursing homes, or patients’ own homes to detect unexpected life-threatening conditions or to record routine but required data efficiently. usually think of a patient monitor as something that watches for—and warns against—serious or life-threatening events in patients, critically ill or otherwise. Patient monitoring can be rigorously defined as “repeated or continuous observations or measurements of the patient, his or her physiological function, and the function of life support equipment, for the purpose of guiding management decisions, including when to make therapeutic interventions, and assessment of those interventions”

A patient monitor may not only alert caregivers to potentially life-threatening events; many also provide physiologic input data used to control directly connected life support devices.

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